|Publication Year: 2019|
Highlight ID: 1323
|Development of New Kinetics Models for Water Vapor Sorption in Wood|
Wood is constantly exchanging water with its environment and these exchanges control nearly all of wood's amazing properties. Research has recently shown that this process is still not understood and ...
Highlight ID: 1328
|Keeping Wood-Frame Housing Safe and Warm|
Is it okay to add exterior insulation (covering the wood sheathing) in order to make your home even more energy-efficient? FPL researchers investigate under what conditions this is safe. ...
Highlight ID: 1330
|Monitoring Moisture Levels in Mass Timber Buildings|
Detailed measurements on moisture levels in mass timber buildings in the United States are scarce. Researchers are working with Colorado School of Mines to monitor conditions in mass timber buildings ...
|Publication Year: 2018|
Highlight ID: 1302
|Examination of Historic National Park System Ship Eureka|
Researchers collaborated with the National Park Service (NPS) to examine a historic ship preserved at the San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park. ...
Highlight ID: 1313
|Improving the Accuracy of Automated Instruments for Moisture in Wood|
Automated instruments are increasingly used for measuring the equilibrium moisture content of wood. Research finds that common methods have much larger errors than claimed in the literature, so resear ...
Highlight ID: 1317
|Pyrolysis and Combustion Material Properties of Naturally Heterogeneous Fuel Beds of Southern Pine Forests|
Detailed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models for fire behavior of various live and dead foliage can benefit from the Forest Products Laboratory's detailed fundamental measurements for compositio ...
Highlight ID: 1312
|Updating a Building Design Standard with Improved Criteria for Preventing Mold Growth|
A consensus standard for building design that addresses moisture control analysis was recently revised to improve the criteria for preventing mold growth. ...
Highlight ID: 1301
|Wood Adhesives at High Temperatures|
Researchers examined the performance of finger-jointed lumber to understand how it performs in fire. ...
|Publication Year: 2017|
Highlight ID: 1291
|Evaluating fire-damaged components of historic covered bridges|
Arson continues to claim many historic covered bridges including the most recent one: Cedar Covered Bridge ...
Highlight ID: 1273
|Fire performance of CLT buildings|
Fire tests demonstrate that CLT buildings can be designed to withstand fire. ...
Highlight ID: 1292
|Improving experimental techniques that probe wood-moisture interactions|
Prior methods using dynamic vapor sorption instruments mischaracterized the equilibrium moisture content of wood. Equilibrium is reached after much longer times than previously claimed. This project p ...
Highlight ID: 1282
|Scientists study how water changes wood|
Water causes a host of wood damage mechanisms such as mold, decay, fastener corrosion, and splitting. This research elucidates how water changes wood and leads to these wood damage mechanisms. ...
|Publication Year: 2015|
Highlight ID: 601
|Advancing Understanding of Wood Damage Mechanisms|
Forest Service researchers examined the diffusion of ions in wood using synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence microscopy. The researchers found that there was a threshold moisture content below which ...
Highlight ID: 622
|Developing the Next Generation of Forest Fire Behavior Models|
Efforts are underway to develop the next generation of forest fire behavior models, and Forest Service researchers are extending their knowledge of the fire behavior of wood materials to the realm of ...
Highlight ID: 617
|Managing Moisture in Energy-efficient Wall Systems|
Moisture durability is critical for design and construction of energy-efficient buildings. Field measurements of moisture characteristics for highly insulated walls in mixed-humid climates are lacking ...
Highlight ID: 606
|Understanding Impacts of Ventilation on Moisture Levels in Homes|
"Build tight, ventilate right" is good for reducing energy use in homes. Ventilation can also change the moisture levels in homes, affecting both human comfort and structural durability. A Forest Serv ...
Highlight ID: 607
|Understanding Soil Gas Entry Into Homes|
Your home sits on the ground, and hence is influenced by soil gas that can add both moisture and radon to your indoor air. A Forest Service scientist investigated how much moisture enters a home throu ...
|Publication Year: 2014|
Highlight ID: 589
|Intumescent Coating for Fire Protection of Structures|
After years of development by industry, Forest Service scientists conducted specialized fire tests to prove the value of intumescent coating for fire protection. They developed a hot metal test to ver ...
Highlight ID: 588
|New Insight into Wood Damage Mechanisms|
Wood fails because bad things start to happen when wood gets wet. Dimensional stability, mold growth, fungal attack, fastener corrosion, all are caused by fluctuations in moisture or an abundance of m ...
Highlight ID: 581
|Possibilities and Pitfalls of Computer Simulation for Building Moisture Analysis|
Moisture problems are much less expensive to correct in the building design phase than after the building is constructed. Computer-based simulation tools allow designers to gauge the risk of moisture ...
|Publication Year: 2013|
Highlight ID: 438
|Desk Reference on Fastener Corrosion Created for Engineers|
Fastener corrosion is a design consideration when building exterior wood structures. Forest Products Laboratory researchers recently developed a desk reference for fastener corrosion with wood to help ...
Highlight ID: 439
|Wood Construction Goes Beyond Its Traditional Roots|
As interest in sustainable building options continues to grow. Wood construction is going beyond its traditional roots in housing and expanding into mid-rise, high-rise, and non-residential applicatio ...
|Publication Year: 2012|
Highlight ID: 13
|Cone Calorimetry Takes Center Stage in Evaluating Fire Retardancy of Wood Products|
Evaluations of cone calorimeter tests are now documented in handbook ...
Highlight ID: 15
|Water Freezing in Wood: How Low Can It Go|
The freezing and melting of water in wood gives clues about how water bonds to wood during processes such as wood decay and fastener corrosion ...
|Publication Year: 2011|
Highlight ID: 278
|Corrosion of metals in wood|
Corrosion data are necessary for the safe design and construction of wood decks and patios. Previous research was unable to calculate corrosion rates because the surface areas of threaded fasteners a ...
Highlight ID: 289
|Developing a fire model for homeowner-sized plats - Protecting lives and properties through proper selection of building and landscape materials|
This research is directed to development of fire growth model for the homeowner sized plat that would guide the user on better and aesthetic selections of building and landscaping construction to sign ...
Highlight ID: 303
|Engineering and Economic Modeling of Biofuels Production|
FPL researchers developed a flexible and customizable computer model that allows users to do a preliminary evaluation of the feasibility of incorporating a biomass gasification plant into an existing ...
Highlight ID: 286
|Moisture Control in Crawl Spaces in Louisiana|
Builders and homeowners in the Gulf Region often ask how to insulate a crawl space to avoid moisture problems. The Forest Products Laboratory (FPL), in cooperation with Louisiana State University Agri ...
|Publication Year: 2010|
Highlight ID: 154
|A percolation model for water and electrical conduction in wood with implications for durability|
Recently, researchers at the Forest Products Laboratory and University of Wisconsin have developed a new model of electrical conduction in wood that provides a good fit to experimental data, offers in ...
Highlight ID: 170
|Centennial Edition, Wood Handbook—Wood as an Engineering Material|
The Wood Handbook—Wood as an Engineering Material serves as a primary reference document for a wide variety of users-from the general public through architects and design engineers who use wood ...
Highlight ID: 153
|Modeling indoor humidity in homes|
Indoor humidity levels in a home influence not only occupant comfort and indoor air quality but also the durability of the building, especially in cold climates. Researchers at the Forest Products Lab ...
Boardman, Charles R.
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Dietenberger, Mark A.
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|Research General Engineer||608-231-9531|
Glass, Samuel V.
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|Research Physical Scientist||608-231-9401|
Hasburgh, Laura, E.
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|Fire Protection Engineer||608-231-9532|
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|Materials Research Engineer||608-231-9301|
Zelinka, Samuel L.
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|Supervisory Materials Research Engineer||608-231-9277|
|Below are the 50 most recent products author or co-authored by researchers of this unit that have been posted, sorted by publication year and title. To access the complete repository of FPL products, click here.|
|Publication Year||Title||Date Posted|
|2020||Effects of wood moisture content and the level of acetylation on brown rot decay||03/12/20|
|2020||Hygrothermal characterization and modeling of cross-laminated timber in the building envelope||05/04/20|
|2020||Prescribed fire science: the case for a refined research agenda||04/07/20|
|2020||Salt Damage in Wood: Controlled Laboratory Exposures and Mechanical Property Measurements||03/12/20|
|2020||Simulating real compartment fire conditions in a furnace||04/03/20|
|2019||Biodeterioration models for building materials: critical review||03/11/20|
|2019||Copper distribution and oxidation states near corroded fasteners in treated wood||04/12/19|
|2019||Corrosiveness of Thermally Modified Wood||03/16/20|
|2019||Effects of Moisture on Diffusion in Unmodified Wood Cell Walls: A Phenomenological Polymer Science Approach||03/16/20|
|2019||Field moisture performance of wood-framed walls with exterior insulation in a cold climate||04/12/19|
|2019||Functionalized Cellulose Nanocrystals: A Potential Fire Retardant for Polymer Composites||12/20/19|
|2019||Heats for combustion, capacities, and evaporation of fresh leaves, and their relationships to leaf compositions||09/11/19|
|2019||Hygrothermal modeling of wall drying after water injection||03/11/20|
|2019||Kinetics of water vapor sorption in wood cell walls: state of the art and research needs||09/26/19|
|2019||Production of ethanol from livestock, agricultural, and forest residuals: an economic feasibility study||09/11/19|
|2019||Relative humidity versus moisture content relationship for several commercial wood species and its potential effect on flame spread||05/03/19|
|2019||Research needs assessment for the mass timber industry: Proceedings of the 2nd North American mass timber research needs workshop||09/26/19|
|2019||Structure moisture monitoring of an 8-story mass timber building in the Pacific Northwest||03/11/20|
|2019||The parallel exponential kinetics model is unfit to characterize moisture sorption kinetics in cellulosic materials||04/11/19|
|2019||The processing of Pinus radiata: pore size distribution changes in the cell wall structure studied by pressure plate technique and mercury intrusion porosimetry||08/30/19|
|2018||A project to measure and model pyrolysis to improve prediction of prescribed fire behavior||11/29/18|
|2018||Ability of finger-jointed lumber to maintain load at elevated temperatures||04/10/18|
|2018||Acetylation increases relative humidity threshold for ion transport in wood cell walls – a means to understanding decay resistance||11/13/18|
|2018||Apparatus for gravimetric measurement of moisture sorption isotherms for 1-100 g samples in parallel||09/10/18|
|2018||Assessment of fastener corrosion and salt damage in the bilge of the Eureka||06/06/18|
|2018||Compartment fire testing of a two-story mass timber building||07/27/18|
|2018||Experimental investigation of the influence of temperature on thermal conductivity of multilayer reflective thermal insulation||09/10/18|
|2018||Fire-retardant-treated structural glued laminated timber (glulam) and laminated veneer lumber (LVL)||04/23/18|
|2018||Full-scale fire tests of a two-story cross-laminated timber structure||09/27/18|
|2018||Fungal–copper interactions in wood examined with large field of view synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence microscopy||07/26/18|
|2018||Moisture monitoring and modeling of mass-timber building systems||09/27/18|
|2018||Moisture monitoring of wood-frame walls with and without exterior insulation in the Midwestern U.S||03/06/19|
|2018||Moisture monitoring throughout the construction and occupancy of mass timber builidings||09/28/18|
|2018||Myth versus reality: do parabolic sorption isotherm models reflect actual wood–water thermodynamics?||03/12/19|
|2018||Performance of wood adhesive for cross laminated timber under elevated temperatures||09/28/18|
|2018||Quantifying and reducing errors in equilibrium moisture content measurements with dynamic vapor sorption (DVS) experiments||09/14/18|
|2018||Remote detection of termite activity in wooden bridge structures||08/31/18|
|2018||Role of transport in wood damage mechanisms – WSE 2017 keynote lecture||09/27/18|
|2017||Accelerated aging of preservative-treated structural plywood||09/05/17|
|2017||Analysis of improved criteria for mold growth in ASHRAE standard 160 by comparison with field observations||12/12/17|
|2017||Compartment fire testing of cross-laminated timber structures||08/01/17|
|2017||Cone calorimeter testing of foam core sandwich panels treated with intumescent paper underneath the veneer (FRV)||01/24/18|
|2017||Development of a mold risk model for wood buildings||01/31/17|
|2017||Effect of weight percent gain and experimental method on fiber saturation point of acetylated wood determined by differential scanning calorimetry||07/17/18|
|2017||Evaluation of nonpressure wood preservatives for military applications||12/07/17|
|2017||Expanding the cross-laminated timber market through building moisture monitoring and improved modeling||01/31/17|
|2017||Fire risk with different adhesives in cross-laminated timber (CLT)||02/01/17|
|2017||Flammability of invasive species investigated with cone calorimetry||02/01/17|
|2017||Flammability properties and radiant fraction of FRT wood plastic composites using mass loss calorimeter under HRR hood||10/06/17|
|2017||Laboratory investigation of fire transfer from exterior wood decks to buildings in the wildland-urban interface||03/01/17|
|2017||Rheometry of coarse biomass at high temperature and pressure||10/06/17|
|2017||Short hold times in dynamic vapor sorption measurements mischaracterize the equilibrium moisture content of wood||09/20/17|
|2017||Simple and accurate temperature correction for moisture pin calibrations in oriented strand board||02/15/17|
|2017||Synchrotron based x-ray fluorescence microscopy confirms copper in the corrosion products of metals in contact with treated wood||06/07/17|
|2017||Synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence microscopy enables multiscale spatial visualization of ions involved in fungal lignocellulose deconstruction||03/01/17|
|2016||A solution thermodynamics definition of the fiber saturation point and the derivation of a wood-water phase (state) diagram||10/04/16|
|2016||Avast Ye Salty Dogs: Salt damage in the context of coastal residential construction and historical maritime timbers||03/22/17|
|2016||Cell wall domain and moisture content influence southern pine electrical conductivity||09/15/16|
|2016||Char rates under design fire scenarios||09/22/16|
|2016||Comparison of the corrosion of fasteners embedded in wood measured in outdoor exposure with the predictions from a combined hygrothermal-corrosion model||05/25/16|
|2016||Control of solar-driven moisture diffusion in cross-laminated timber walls with absorptive claddings||09/16/16|
|2016||Corrosion of metals in treated wood examined by synchrotron based xanes and XFM||10/04/16|
|2016||Distribution and oxidation state of copper in the cell walls of treated wood examined by synchrotron based XANES and XFM||03/27/17|
|2016||EcoSmart Fire as structure ignition model in wildland urban interface: predictions and validations||02/02/17|
|2016||Effect of Adhesives and Ply Configuration on the Fire Performance of Southern Pine Cross-Laminated Timber||09/14/16|
|2016||Effects of Exterior Insulation on Moisture Performance of Wood-Frame Walls in the Pacific Northwest: Measurements and Hygrothermal Modeling||07/11/16|
|2016||Evaluating fire-damaged components of historic covered bridges||09/20/16|
|2016||Fire Performance of Mass-Timber Encapsulation Methods and the Effect of Encapsulation on Char Rate of Cross-Laminated Timber||09/14/16|
|2016||Improvements to water vapor transmission and capillary absorption measurements in porous materials||09/22/17|
|2016||Litter Species Composition and Topographic Effects on Fuels and Modeled Fire Behavior in an Oak-Hickory Forest in the Eastern USA||08/29/16|
|2016||Method and Apparatus to Produce Synthesis Gas Via Flash Pyrolysis and Gasification in a Molten Liquid *||10/28/16|
|2016||Moisture storage and transport properties of preservative treated and untreated southern pine wood||07/13/16|
|2016||Not just lumber--Using wood in the sustainable future of materials, chemicals, and fuels||10/04/16|
|2016||Phosphorylated lignin as a halogen-free flame retardant additive for epoxy composites||01/27/17|
|2016||The role of chemical transport in the brown-rot decay resistance of modified wood||08/05/16|
|2016||Wood Products Thermal Degradation and Fire||12/23/15|
|2015||Anatomically informed mesoscale electrical impedance spectroscopy in southern pine and the electric field distribution for pin-type electric moisture metres||07/07/15|
|2015||Thermal Insulation System Made of Wood and Paper for Use in Residential Construction||01/07/16|
|2015||Basement radon entry and stack driven moisture infiltration reduced by active soil depressurization||01/20/15|
|2015||Cellulose Nanocrystal Entrapment of Benzalkonium Chloride in Southern Pine: Biological, Chemical, and Physical Properties||09/15/15|
|2015||Comparison of the Heat Release Rate from the Mass Loss Calorimeter to the Cone Calorimeter for Wood-based Materials||04/01/15|
|2015||Corrosion of Wires on Wooden Wire-Bound Packaging Crates||04/08/15|
|2015||Flame Retardancy of Chemically Modified Lignin as Functional Additive to Epoxy Nanocomposites||06/19/15|
|2015||Force-displacement measurements of earlywood bordered pits using a mesomechanical tester||10/07/15|
|2015||Improvements to the Understanding of the Fire Performance of Wood over the Past 30 Years-A Tribute to Robert Hawthorne White||10/07/15|
|2015||Investigation of black and brown carbon multiple-wavelength-dependent light absorption from biomass and fossil fuel combustion source emissions||07/20/15|
|2015||Moisture Performance of Energy-Efficient and Conventional Wood-Frame Wall Assemblies in a Mixed-Humid Climate||07/07/15|
|2015||Moisture transfer through the membrane of a cross-flow energy recovery ventilator: Measurement and simple data-driven modeling||03/10/15|
|2015||Remote sensing for detection of termite infestations—Proof of Concept||06/19/15|
|2015||Subcellular Electrical Measurements as a Function of Wood Moisture Content||06/19/15|
|2015||The Role of Chemical Transport in the Decay Resistance of Modified Wood. In: M||11/18/15|
|2015||Threshold for ion movements in wood cell walls below fiber saturation observed by X-ray fluorescence microscopy (XFM)||05/27/15|
|2015||Withdrawal Strength and Bending Yield Strength of Stainless Steel Nails||08/25/15|
|2015||Wood Structural Panel & Foam Insulation Systems: Hygrothermal Behavior & Lateral Load Resistance-Experimental Studies||05/13/16|
|2014||Application of Quasi-Heat-Pulse Solutions for Luikov’s Equations of Heat and Moisture Transfer for Calibrating and Utilizing Thermal Properties Apparatus||09/22/14|
|2014||Chapter 23: Corrosion of Metals in Wood Products||09/25/14|
|2014||ecoSmart landscapes: a versatile SaaS platform for green infrastructure applications in urban environments||07/24/14|
|2014||Evaluation of Wood Species and Preservatives for Use in Wisconsin Highway Sign Posts||08/04/14|
|2014||Foam Core Particleboards with Intumescent FRT Veneer: Cone Calorimeter Testing With Varying Adhesives, Surface Layer Thicknesses, and Processing Conditions||07/18/14|
|2014||Investigation of Historic Equilibrium Moisture Content Data from the Forest Products Laboratory||03/28/14|
|Below are 3 research projects associated with this research unit.|
|Project Number||Title||Project Dates|
|FPL-4716-1A||Develop information on the relationships between moisture, energy efficiency & durability in residential and non-residential wood buildings||01-23-2015 - 01-22-2020|
|FPL-4716-2A||Develop technologies & methods to improve the fire performance of wood-based structures and reduce the loss from catastrophic wildland fire||01-23-2015 - 01-22-2020|
|FPL-4716-3A||Fundamental research on heat and mass transfer in wood products||01-23-2015 - 01-22-2020|
|Cone Calorimeter Datasets|
We have created this public domain repository of the actual data files of the time-dependent data for cone calorimeter tests cited in publications of the Forest Service - Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) to make the complete data files more available. At FPL, the cone calorimeter has replaced various other test methods for our initial evaluation of the flammability of untreated and treated wood products. The test standards for the cone calorimeter test are ASTM E1354 of ASTM International and ISO 5660 of International Organization for Standardization. The cone calorimeter primarily measures the rate of heat released due to combustion of the specimen when it is exposed to a constant heat flux ...|
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