Research Highlights

 
Publication Year: 2013
The localized stiffness of thin paper materials can now be measured with a single test. Thinkstock
Highlight ID: 444
New Method Measures Localized Stiffness of Thin Paper Materials with a Single Test

Forest Products Laboratory researchers have developed a method to measure localized stiffness of thin paper materials with a single test. Although developed for use on problems in the paper industry, ...
FPL research looks to improve the safety of pulp bleaching at paper mills. Thinkstock
Highlight ID: 448
Scientists Determine Critical Factors that Caused Peroxide Explosion in Paper Mill

In 2001, a peroxide bleach stage at a paper mill in Evadale, Texas, exploded, rupturing two bleaching towers, destroying a pump, and propelling fragments over 800 yards in all directions. There were n ...
 
Publication Year: 2012
Electron micrograph image showing the unusual failure of release coating on a postage stamp. Dark regions are pressure-sensitive adhesive; light regions are silicone-release coating that has pulled away from backing paper liner. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
Highlight ID: 22
Forest Service Continues To Make a Better Postage Stamp

Latest research reduces the environmental effect of stamp materials ...
FPL
Highlight ID: 14
New Cellulose Nanomaterials Pilot Plant Keeps Up With Market Demand

Materials are being supplied to three government agencies and six partner universities to accelerate the development of advanced cellulose-reinforced composites, and printed, flexible electronic circu ...

Highlight ID: 3
New SPORL Process Efficiently Converts Biomass to Sugars and Ferment

Preliminary laboratory evaluation confirms the high performance of the SPORL process for pretreatment of Douglas fir ...
 
Publication Year: 2011
TEM micrograph of electrospun polymethyl methacrylate fibers containing 17 weight percent cellulose nano-crystals/Alan Rudie, Forest Service
Highlight ID: 283
High Performance nano-Cellulose Composites

Cellulose nano-crystals (CNC) and cellulose nano-fibrils (CNF) provide strength properties equivalent to Kevlar and can be used in optically clear applications like composite windshields. The Forest ...
 
Publication Year: 2010

Highlight ID: 175
Scale-up of cellulose nano material production

There is considerable research internationally on cellulose nano-materials as reinforcement fibers for high strength composites. A persistent problem has been unavailability of cellulose nano-crystals ...

Team Members

NameJob TitlePhone

Agarwal, Umesh P.
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Research Chemist608-231-9441

Baez, Carlos
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Engineering Technician608-231-9428

Considine, John M.
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Materials Research Engineer608-231-9525

Gleisner, Roland
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Engineering Technician608-231-9426

Houtman, Carl J.
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Chemical Engineer608-231-9445

Huberty, Sarah
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Program Support Assistant608-231-9465

Mann, Doreen
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Physical Science Technician608-231-9404

Moore, Roderquita
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Research Chemist608-231-9393

Ralph, Sally
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Chemist608-231-9449

Reiner, Richard
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Chemical Engineer608-231-9442

Scott, C Tim
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General Engineer (Volunteer)608-231-9435

Tang, Xiaoyan
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Engineering Technician (Materials)608-231-9405

Zhu, J.Y.
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Research General Engineer608-231-9520

Products (Publications & Patents)

Below are the 50 most recent products author or co-authored by researchers of this unit that have been posted, sorted by publication year and title. To access the complete repository of FPL products, click here.
Publication YearTitleDate Posted
2017Chapter 20: Stiffness heterogeneity of multiply paperboard examined with VFM

12/29/16

2017Phosphomolybdic acid and ferric iron as efficient electron mediators for coupling biomass pretreatment to produce bioethanol and electricity generation from wheat straw

04/14/17

2017Raman spectroscopy of CNC-and CNF-based nanocomposites

06/07/17

2017Tailored and integrated production of carboxylated cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) with nanofibrils (CNF) through maleic acid hydrolysis

04/26/17

2016

Methods of Pretreating Lignocellulosic Biomass with Reduced Formation of Fermentation Inhibitors

*

05/23/16

2016A comparison of cellulose nanofibrils produced from Cladophora glomerata algae and bleached eucalyptus pulp

10/07/16

2016A survey of bioenergy research in Forest Service Research and Development

06/09/16

2016Acridine Orange Indicates Early Oxidation of Wood Cell Walls by Fungi

09/07/16

2016Batch fermentation options for high titer bioethanol production from a SPORL pretreated Douglas-Fir forest residue without detoxification

12/06/16

2016Bioconversion of woody biomass to biofuel and lignin co-product using sulfite pretreatment to overcome the recalcitrance of lignocelluloses (SPORL)

09/14/16

2016Biorefinery lignosulfonates from sulfite-pretreated softwoods as dispersant for graphite

12/02/16

2016Chapter 7: Use of VFM for Heterogeneity Evaluation of Materials Under Uniaxial Tensile Stress

01/07/16

2016Chapter 8 optimized test design for identification of the variation of elastic stiffness properties of Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda) pith to bark

11/02/16

2016Conversion of SPORL pretreated Douglas fir forest residues into microbial lipids with oleaginous yeasts

05/03/16

2016Efficient Conversion of Lignin to Electricity Using a Novel Direct Biomass Fuel Cell Mediated by Polyoxomethalates at Low Temperatures

05/04/16

2016Endoglucanase post-milling treatment for producing cellulose nanofibers from bleached eucalyptus fibers by a supermasscolloider

07/15/16

2016Fabrication of microfibrillated cellulose gel from waste pulp sludge via mild maceration combined with mechanical shearing

12/02/16

2016Green and low-cost production of thermally stable and carboxylated cellulose Nanocrystals and nanofibrils using highly recyclable dicarboxylic acids

03/01/17

2016Highly thermal-stable and functional cellulose nanocrystals and nanofibrils produced using fully recyclable organic acids

07/15/16

2016Highly transparent, low-haze, hybrid cellulose nanopaper as electrodes for flexible electronics

12/06/16

2016Microbial lipid production from SPORL-pretreated Douglas fir by Mortierella isabellina

05/03/16

2016Molecular structure of sodium lignosulfonate from different sources and their properties as dispersant of TiO2 slurry

12/20/16

2016Pilot-scale demonstration of SPORL for bioconversion of lodgepole pine to bioethanol and lignosulfonate

07/28/16

2016Probing crystallinity of never-dried wood cellulose with Raman spectroscopy

01/07/16

2016Techniques for characterizing lignin

09/22/16

2016Understanding longitudinal wood fiber ultra-structure for producing cellulose nanofibrils using disk milling with diluted acid prehydrolysis

02/10/17

2016Wood-derived materials for green electronics, biological Devices, and energy applications

12/20/16

2015Case studies on sugar production from underutilized woody biomass using sulfite chemistry

10/15/15

2015Cellulose Nanocrystal Entrapment of Benzalkonium Chloride in Southern Pine: Biological, Chemical, and Physical Properties

09/15/15

2015Comparison of Cellulose Supramolecular Structures Between Nanocrystals of Different Origins

09/25/15

2015Device and Method for Measuring the Rheological Properties of a Yield Stress Fluid *

02/20/15

2015Effect of Hot-Pressing Temperature on the Subsequent Enzymatic Saccharification and Fermentation Performance of SPORL Pretreated Forest Biomass

04/01/15

2015Effects of process variables on the yield stress of rheologically modified biomass

09/29/16

2015Estimation of S/G ratio in woods using 1064 nm FT-Raman spectroscopy

09/25/15

2015Facile preparation of nanofiller-paper using mixed office paper without deinking

04/30/15

2015Formation of Irreversible H-bonds in Cellulose Materials

09/25/15

2015High titer and yield ethanol production from undetoxified whole slurry of Douglas-fir forest residue using pH profiling in SPORL

04/30/15

2015High Titer Ethanol and Lignosulfonate Production from SPORL Pretreated Poplar at Pilot Scale

09/25/15

2015Highly transparent and toughened poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposite films containing networks of cellulose nanofibrils

09/28/16

2015LCA Study for Pilot Scale Production of Cellulose Nano Crystals (CNC) from Wood Pulp

04/28/16

2015Mountain pine beetle infestation: GCxGCTOFMS and GC-MS of lodgepole pine (pinus contorta) acetone extractives

05/19/16

2015Naturally p-Hydroxybenzoylated Lignins in Palms

09/15/15

2015New Model of Wood Cell Wall Microfibril and Its Implications

09/25/15

2015Optimizing cellulose fibrillation for the production of cellulose nanofibrils by a disk grinder

10/07/15

2015Physical and Mechanical Properties of Cellulose Nanofibril Films from Bleached Eucalyptus Pulp by Endoglucanase Treatment and Microfluidization

09/25/15

2015Production of cellulose nanofibrils from bleached eucalyptus fibers by hyperthermostable endoglucanase treatment and subsequent microfluidization

02/11/15

2015Reducing Non-Specific Enzyme Binding to Enhance Lignocellulose Conversion *

05/18/15

2015Regulation of Gene Expression during the Onset of Ligninolytic Oxidation by Phanerochaete chrysosporium on Spruce Wood

12/15/15

2015Self-assembled optically transparent cellulose nanofibril films: effect of nanofibril morphology and drying procedure

04/01/15

2015Sulfite Pretreatment for Biorefining Biomass *

12/24/15

2015Sulfite Pretreatment for Biorefining Biomass *

02/18/15

2015Tailoring the yield and characteristics of wood cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) using concentrated acid hydrolysis

09/25/15

2015The effect of polarity of extractives on the durability of wood

05/19/16

2015Using a combined hydrolysis factor to optimize high titer ethanol production from sulfite-pretreated poplar without detoxification

04/08/15

2015Using sulfite chemistry for robust bioconversion of Douglas-fir forest residue to bioethanol at high titer and lignosulfonate: A pilot-scale evaluation

01/21/15

20141064nm FT-Raman spectroscopy for investigations of plant cell walls and other biomass materials

09/25/14

2014A Highly Diastereoselective Oxidant Contributes to Ligninolysis by the White Rot Basidiomycete Ceriporiopsis subvermispora

10/01/14

2014A novel rheometer design for yield stress fluids

09/30/14

2014Alkaline Method for Dissolving Cellulose *

09/22/14

2014Apparatus for Forming Structural Components from Dry Wood Fiber Furnish *

09/23/14

2014Characterization of cellulose nanofibrillation by micro grinding

07/21/14

2014Characterization of Paper Heterogeneity

08/14/14

2014Comparison between Cellulose Nanocrystal and Cellulose Nanofibril Reinforced Poly(ethylene oxide) Nanofibers and Their Novel Shish-Kebab-Like Crystalline Structures

07/21/14

2014Comparison of Dilute Acid and Sulfite Pretreatment for enzymatic Saccharification of Earlywood and Latewood of Douglas Fir

03/28/14

2014Comparisons of five Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains for ethanol production from SPORL pretreated lodgepole pine

12/23/14

2014Comparisons of high titer ethanol production and lignosulfonate properties by SPORL pretreatment of lodgepole pine at two temperatures

08/07/14

2014Delignification of Lignocellulosic Materials with Monoperoxysulfuric Acid *

09/23/14

2014Delignification of Lignocellulosic Materials with Peroxymonophosphoric Acid *

09/22/14

2014Delignification of Wood Pulp by Vanadium-Substitute Polyoxometalates *

09/23/14

2014Effect of Fusiform Rust (Cronartium quercuum f.sp. fusiforme) on the Composition of Loblolly Pine Lignin

07/18/14

2014Enzymatic preparation of nanocrystalline and microcrystalline cellulose

07/18/14

2014Ethanol production from non-detoxified whole slurry of sulfite-pretreated empty fruit bunches at a low cellulase loading

07/18/14

2014General Anisotropy Identification of Paperboard with Virtual Fields Method

08/27/14

2014High performance green barriers based on nanocellulose

01/21/15

2014High Shear Homogenization of Lignin to Nanolignin and Thermal Stability of Nanolignin-Polyvinyl Alcohol Blends

12/22/14

2014High solids Quasi-Simultaneous Enzymatic Saccharification and Fermentation of Un-Detoxified Whole Slurry of SPORL Pretreated Douglas-fir Forest Residue

03/10/15

2014Hydrogels Prepared from Cross-Linked Nanofibrillated Cellulose

01/31/14

2014Impacts of fiber orientation and milling on observed crystallinity in jack pine

09/16/14

2014Influence of drying restraint on physical and mechanical properties of nanofibrillated cellulose films

03/25/14

2014Inter-laboratory comparisons of hexenuronic acid measurements in kraft eucalyptus pulps using a UV-Vis spectroscopic method

03/26/14

2014Isolation and structural characterization of sugarcane bagasse lignin after dilute phosphoric acid plus steam explosion pretreatment and its effect on cellulose hydrolysis

03/27/14

2014Kinetics of Strong Acid Hydrolysis of a Bleached Kraft Pulp for Producing Cellulose Nanocrystals (CNCs)

09/09/14

2014Metal Compounds to Eliminate Nonproductive Enzyme Adsorption and Enhance Enzymatic Saccharification of Lignocellulose *

09/25/14

2014Method and Apparatus for Evaluating Fold Endurance and Surface Adhesion of Sheet Materials *

09/22/14

2014Method and Apparatus for Monitoring Liquid and Solid Contents in a Froth *

09/29/14

2014Method and System for Measuring Optical Properties of Scattering and Absorbing Materials *

09/29/14

2014Method for Forming Structural components from Dry Wood Fiber Furnish *

09/23/14

2014Method for Integrated Conversion of Lignocellulosic Material to Sugars or Biofuels and Nano-Cellulose *

09/29/14

2014Method for Producing Pulp *

09/29/14

2014Method for Producing Salts of Monoperoxysulfuric Acid and Simultaneously Bleaching Pulp *

09/23/14

2014Method for Pulping Wood Chips Using Separate Alkali and Peroxymonosulfate Treatments *

09/22/14

2014Methods for Integrating the Production of Cellulose Nanofibrils with the Production of Cellulose Nanocrystals *

06/17/14

2014Mountain pine beetle-killed lodgepole pine for the production of submicron lignocellulose fibrils

06/27/14

2014On the conflicting findings of Role of Cellulose-Crystallinity in Enzume Hydrolysis of Biomass

05/01/14

2014Oxidation of Lignin and Polysaccharides Mediated by Polyoxometalate Treatment of Wood Pulp *

09/22/14

2014Oxidative Delignification of Wood or Wood Pulp by Transition Metal-Substituted Polyoxometalates *

09/22/14

2014Oxidative Delignification of Wood or Wood Pulp By Transition Metal-Substituted Polyoxometalates *

09/22/14

2014Oxidative Delignification of Wood Pulp or Fibers Using Transitional Metal-Substituted Polyoxometalates *

09/22/14

2014Understanding the effects of lignosulfonate on enzymatic saccharification of pure cellulose

07/21/14

2014Using low temperature to balance enzymatic saccharification and furan formation during SPORL pretreatment of Douglas-fir

08/07/14

Research Projects

Below are 13 research projects associated with this research unit.
Project NumberTitleProject Dates
FPL-4709-2BAdvancement of the Science and use of Cellulose Nano-Materials

10-01-2012 - 09-30-2017

FPL-4709-1AAdvancing the forest biorefinery

08-24-2007 - 08-23-2012

FPL-4709-3-TDeveloping new and innovative methods to convert wood and other lignocellulosics into fibers and chemicals

07-31-2002 - 07-30-2007

FPL-4709-2ADevelopment of cellulose nano-crystals

08-24-2007 - 08-23-2012

FPL-4709-2-TImproved papermaking properties of high-yield mechanical and chemi-mechanical pulps, which make more efficient use of our wood resource

07-31-2002 - 07-30-2007

FPL-4709-1-TNew technologies for the fractionation of wood to produce pulp and to bleach it

07-31-2002 - 07-30-2007

FPL-4709-4BPaper and Fiber Physics

10-01-2012 - 09-30-2017

FPL-4709-4ARecycle and deinking of waste paper

08-24-2007 - 08-23-2012

FPL-4709-5AStrength and performance of paper and paperboard

08-24-2007 - 08-23-2012

FPL-4709-1BThe Forest Biorefinery

10-01-2012 - 09-30-2017

FPL-4709-4-TUnderstand the biogenesis and molecular architecture of wood cell walls, environmental stresses and transformation in the industrial process

07-31-2002 - 07-30-2007

FPL-4709-3BWood Fiber and Chemical Products

10-01-2012 - 09-30-2017

FPL-4709-3AWood fiber and pulping

08-24-2007 - 08-23-2012

Partnerships

fplForest Thinnings Produce Thermomechanical Pulp and Quality Lumber

A research collaboration among FPL, University of Idaho (Moscow), Pacific Northwest Research Station, Colville National Forest, Ponderay Newsprint Company (PNC), and Ponderay Valley Fiber (PVF) has addressed two forestry-related issues, one of environmental and one of economic concern: overcrowding of forests in the western United States and a diminishing supply of pulpwood from public and private lands in the same region.

Preliminary FPL research showed that small-diameter, thinned trees, once thought to be inferior, are in fact suitable for lumber and pulp production. Furthermore, less refining energy was required to produce pulp from forest thinnings than from conventional wood supplies. To convince the pulp and paper industry that thinnings are a good alternative source of wood fiber, researchers demonstrated their findings at Ponderay Newsprint company and Ponderay Valley Fiber. Results of this study show that lumber produced from forest thinnings meets or exceeds the saw mill specification. Chips generated from forest thinnings as either whole logs or sawmill residuals produced commercial-quality thermomechanical pulp for newsprint.

This collaboration with the Pacific Northwest Research Station and Colville National Forest continues, now evaluating bark-beetle-killed pines for use in pulping and paper products.

Lab Notes - FPL's online news feed

Below are the 10 most recent Lab Notes blog postings pertaining to this research unit.

TitleDate Posted
FPL-developed technology contributed to the development of the first alternative jet fuel made from forest residues. (Photo courtesy of NARA.) FPL Research Helps Fuel Coast-to-Coast Flight

Washington state-based Alaska Airlines made history flying the first commercial flight using the world’s first renewable, alternative jet fuel. The fuel was made from forest residuals, the limbs and branches that remain after the harvesting of mana...
11-15-2016
FPL-2011-24FPL Partner Procures Patent:

Whether serving as a bookshelf, tabletop, or wall panel, the composite board is a ubiquitous construction material found in furniture and homes alike. Traditional composite boards use mankind's most trusted building resource, wood, as a base — but ...
09-18-2015
Junyong Zhu, FPL research general engineerResearchers Honored with Fellowship

TAPPI, the leading association for the worldwide pulp, paper, packaging, and converting industries, has announced the selection of FPL’s Carl Houtman and Junyong Zhu as TAPPI Fellows...
01-26-2015
JY-ZHUFPL Researcher Receives 2014 TAPPI Research and Development Technical Award

JunYong Zhu, research general engineer at the Forest Products Laboratory, is winner of the 2014 Research and Development Technical Award and William H. Aiken Prize by TAPPI’s International Research Management Committee (IRMC). This award is given f...
04-29-2014
David Vahey, FPL research materials engineer (retired)A Winning Paper...on Paper

A journal article authored by Forest Products Laboratory researchers David Vahey (retired) and John Considine has been selected as the TAPPI Journal Best Research Paper for 2013...
04-07-2014
Sykes-pulpingWomen's History Month: FPL Remembers Marguerite Sykes

Is paper one of the first things that comes to mind when you think about forest products? FPL has been at the forefront of developing innovative and environmentally friendly methods for producing this ubiquitous product. Chemist Marguerite Sykes, wh...
03-14-2014
FPL Researcher JunYong ZhuDistinguished Scientist Award Goes to FPL Researcher

JunYong Zhu, research general engineer at the Forest Products Laboratory, was recently presented with the Forest Service Deputy Chief's Distinguished Science Award...
03-06-2014
FPL employee Vance Setterholm in the pilot plant, circa 1980 Throwback Thursday:

This image from the 1980's shows Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) employee Vance Setterholm standing at the reel end of the paper machine in FPL's pilot plant. He's inspecting a corrugated container made from press-dried paper...
01-16-2014
rains_headshotA "Nexus of Innovation" for the U.S. Forest Service

In a recent feature story from xconomy.com, FPL Director Michael Rains describes the Forest Products Laboratory as "a one-of-a-kind resource at the intersection of many Forest Service goals."
01-08-2014
Hydrogen peroxide and caustic soda:

When hydrogen peroxide is mixed with caustic soda as part of the pulping or paper-making process, potentially dangerous amounts of heat and oxygen can develop. As a result, catastrophic events have occurred at several mills in Europe and North Americ...
10-28-2013