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Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


Wood Anatomy and Forest Mycology in a Changing Global Environment

Project Title :  Assessment of impacts of disturbance agents on forest health and forest-derived products
Project Number : FPL-4715-1
Status : NEW
Start Date : 08-31-2015
End Date : 08-30-2020

View the 49 publications associated with this project.

Principal Investigator:
Thomas Eberhardt

Non Technical Summary
The global atmospheric concentration of CO2 has risen over pre-industrial levels and is expected to continue to rise through the end of the century. The global biogeochemical cycling of nutrients, facilitated by plants, fungi, and other soil microorganisms, is altered not only by increases in CO2 concentration but by changes in temperature, precipitation patterns, and the frequency of catastrophic meteorological events (e.g., hurricanes, tornadoes). Impacts of environmental change on wood anatomy and forest mycology present challenges in forest health, forest-derived products utilization, and sequestration/release of carbon in/from forestlands. Specifically, invasive pathogenic fungi from other countries and invasive mycorrhizal fungi, often from urban/horticultural introductions, can displace native species and thereby impact forest resiliency; non-sustainable logging, land conversion logging, and illegal timber harvests degrade forest health and impact global carbon cycling and the broad economics of the forestry sector. The impacts of disturbance agents (climate change, land-use patterns, encroachment of invasive species) on forest health and the anatomy, functionality, and quality of forest-derived products are poorly understood leaving critical gaps in our ability to sustainably manage forestlands.

Objectives Summary
The objective of this problem area is to understand how disturbance agents such as climate change, encroachment of invasive species, weather events, and changing land use patterns impact the forest health and the quality of forest-derived products.

Approach Summary
• Forest fungi surveys will be conducted using traditional (collecting, describing, identifying, classifying, and naming of fungal species) and molecular (DNA sequencing) techniques.• Biosystematics of forest-inhabiting fungi will involve coupling of taxonomic studies with phylogenetic analyses (inferring the evolutionary history of species) to investigate the ecological roles of fungal communities. • Molecular characterization (high throughput DNA sequencing) and an understanding of host-vector relationships will be used to identify invasive fungal species and identify options to interfere with their ability to spread and cause disease.• Wood anatomical features and properties will be quantified, modeled, with the knowledge of the variation of wood anatomical parameters used to assess wood quality now and trends towards the future.

Publications associated with this Project

Publication YearTitleDate Posted
2015Sarcodon in the Neotropics I: new species from Guyana, Puerto Rico and Belize08/31/15
2014Sarcoporia polyspora (Basidiomycota, Polyporales): a rare wood-decay fungus newly recorded from South America11/04/15
2017A critical analysis of methods for rapid and nondestructive determination of wood density in standing trees06/28/17
2017Acoustic evaluation of loblolly pine tree- and lumber-length logs allows for segregation of lumber modulus of elasticity, not for modulus of rupture08/30/17
2019Assessing the within-tree variation in stiffness from ultrasonic velocity and specific gravity measurements in Douglas-fir and loblolly pine12/09/19
2013Australasian sequestrate fungi 18: Solioccasus polychromus gen. & sp. nov., a richly colored, tropical to subtropical, hypogeous fungus10/28/15
2016Cambial activity in dry and rainy season on branches from woody species growing in Brazilian Cerrado08/03/16
2016Cell wall domain and moisture content influence southern pineelectrical conductivity09/15/16
2016Changes in bark composition from long-term elevated CO2 treatment: Implications for the management of sweetgum as a wood energy crop04/29/16
2014Chapter 4: Hongos Hipogeos de Tamulipas, Mexico10/28/15
2014Chapter 9: Curating xylaria09/26/14
2021Characteristics and availability of commercially important woods03/23/21
2021Comparing vacuum drying and conventional drying effects on the coloration of hard maple lumber07/12/21
2019Comparison of juvenile wood depictions to wood property maps from mature longleaf pine12/20/19
2019Demystifying jadeite: an underwater Maya discovery at Ek Way Nal, Belize09/04/19
2019Effect of Acaromyces ingoldii secondary metabolites on the growth of brown-rot (Gloeophyllum trabeum) and white-rot (Trametes versicolor) fungi03/16/20
2018Effect of site characteristics on juvenile wood transition in lodgepole pine in the inland northwest07/24/18
2015Effects of long-term elevated CO2 treatment on the inner and outer bark chemistry of sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) trees09/01/15
2017Force of habit: shrubs, trees and contingent evolution of wood anatomical diversity using Croton (Euphorbiaceae) as a model system04/03/18
2015Force-displacement measurements of earlywood bordered pits using a mesomechanical tester10/07/15
2020Identification of tree genera used in the construction of solid wood-packaging materials that arrived at U.S ports infested with live wood-boring insects09/23/20
2017Integrating the old world into the new: an idol from the West Indies10/06/17
2018Models for predicting specific gravity and ring width for loblolly pine from intensively managed plantations, and implications for wood utilization09/14/18
2021Models for predicting the within-tree and regional variation of tracheid length and width for plantation loblolly pine03/15/21
2014New records of some Ascomycete truffle fungi from Turkey10/28/15
2017Nitrogen-fixing symbiosis inferred from stable isotope analysis of fossil tree rings from the Oligocene of Ethiopia10/06/17
2018Probability models that relate nondestructive test methods to lumber design values of plantation loblolly pine07/24/18
2019Quantifying knots by image analysis and modeling their effects on the mechanical properties of loblolly pine lumber09/26/19
2019Radiocarbon and geologic evidence reveal Ilopango volcano as source of the colossal mystery eruption of 539/40 CE09/11/19
2018Regional calibration models for predicting loblolly pine tracheid properties using near-infrared spectroscopy04/03/18
2017Species comparison of the physical properties of loblolly and slash pine wood and bark12/22/17
2015Stephanospora michoacanensis (Stephanosporaceae, Agaricales), a novel sequestrate truffle from North America11/18/15
2021Structure and function of wood03/23/21
2015Taxonomic studies in Chrysoderma, Corneromyces, Dendrophsellum, Hyphoradulum, and Mycobonia08/31/15
2018The Frequency and Anatomical Characteristics of Anomalous Dark Rings in Black Cherry, and Their Relation to Cherry Scallop Shell Moth Defoliations01/31/19
2018The origins of Tradescants India Occidentali wooden clubs: 14C dating, material identification and strontium isotope studies09/27/18
2015The quest for methods to identify longleaf pine stump relicts in Southeastern Virginia02/11/15
2015Thickness and roughness measurements for air-dried longleaf pine bark02/11/15
2014Tracking the distribution of Puccinia psidii genotypes that cause rust disease on diverse myrtaceous trees and shrubs08/25/15
2015Tree-Ring Investigation of Holocene Flood-Deposited Wood From the Oneida Lake Watershed, New York State08/05/16
2015Turkish truffles I: 18 new records for Turkey11/18/15
2020Variation in mold susceptibility among hardwood species under laboratory conditions01/25/21
2016White-Nose Syndrome of bats10/04/16
2019Why do some woods darken?12/20/19
2020Why do some woods lighten in color?12/20/19
2018Within-tree variability in wood quality parameters for mature longleaf pine09/20/18
2019Wood property maps showing wood variability in mature longleaf pine: does getting old change juvenile tendencies?05/24/19
2020Wood species toxicity09/17/20
2018Wood variability in mature longleaf pine: differences related to cardinal direction for a softwood in a humid subtropical climate08/21/18

Project Summaries last modified: 02-17-2017