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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


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Forest Biopolymer Science and Engineering

Project Title :  Nanoscale Processing and Properties
Project Number : FPL-4707-3B
Status : NEW
Start Date : 10-01-2012
End Date : 09-30-2019

View the 107 publications associated with this project.

Charles R. FrihartPrincipal Investigator:
Charles R. Frihart

Non Technical Summary
The concept is that there is some intentional “control” of the nano-feature that is being investigated such that it can be individually and independently varied and characterized, so that processing-structure-property relationships can be formulated. There is insufficient understanding of wood and lignocellulosic materials at the nanoscale dimensions to develop the necessary structure-property relationships needed to systematically solve end-use performance problems.

Objectives Summary
Nanotechnology is the study and manipulation of the unique physical, chemical, and biological properties of matter at the dimensions of (1 to 100) x 10-9 meters (nanometers) where these properties are often fundamentally different from that of the bulk. By expanding our understanding, characterization and control of matter at such levels, new avenues in basic research, applied research and product development can be achieved. Nanotechnology research is not an ends to itself, but rather a means to an end to help advance the science and technology needed to support problem areas 1 and 2. Nanotechnology research is considered here to represent studies that entail the intentional manipulation of a specified nano-feature, which can be uniquely characterize by some given technique and relate this to changes at nano, micro (problem area 2), and/or macroscopic properties (problem area 3). The concept is that there must be some intentional “control” of the nano-feature that is being investigated such that it can be individually and independently varied and characterized, so that processing-structure-property relationships can be formulated. Distinction should be made for “chemistry” related activities (such as colloidal science, self-assembly, etc.), which also fundamentally occur at this length scale. These are classified here as tools used in the production or modification of nanostructures (e.g. the arrangement or self-assembly of chemical species on the surface of a nanoparticle) not as a form of nanotechnology as they are “a means” but are not “the end”. Stating this more specifically, the end is the nanoscale or nanostructured object of the study and manipulation with the unique properties often observed at this length scale. Therefore, all processes used to create, modify, etc. nanostructure will not necessarily be categorized as a length scale specific activity.

Approach Summary
Widely varied.

Publications associated with this Project

Publication YearTitleDate Posted
2015A Combination Coating of Rutile TiO<sub>2</sub> Nano Structures and Sol-Gel Films to Enhance Weathering Performance of Wood05/04/16
2016A comparative guide to controlled hydrophobization of cellulose nanocrystals via surface esterification09/07/16
2018A continuum-based structural modeling approach for cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs)03/29/18
2014A strategy for prediction of the elastic properties of epoxy-cellulose nanocrystal-reinforced fiber networks03/28/14
2013Adhesion improvements of nanocellulose composite interfaces07/17/13
2014Anisotropy and temperature dependence of structural, thermodynamic, and elastic properties of crystalline cellulose Iβ: a first-principles investigation12/22/14
2013Anisotropy of the elastic properties of crystalline cellulose I from first principles density functional theory with Van der Waals interactions12/31/13
2013Atomistic Simulation of Frictional Sliding Between Cellulose I Nanocrystals01/02/14
2019Biohybrid hydrogel and aerogel from self-assembled nanocellulose and nanochitin as a high-efficiency adsorbent for water purification04/03/20
2016Cellulose nanocrystal reinforced epoxy coatings10/05/16
2015Cellulose nanocrystal/polyolefin biocomposites prepared by solid-state shear pulverization: Superior dispersion leading to synergistic property enhancements04/01/15
2018Cellulose nanocrystals effect on the stabilization of polyacrylonitrile composite films08/09/18
2017Cellulose nanomaterials as additives for cementitious materials12/22/17
2013Chapter 1 Cellulose Nanocrystals - A material with Unique Properties and Many Potential Applications09/13/13
2013Chapter 1.1 Atomic Force Microscope Characterization of Cellulose Nanocrystal Transverse Properties09/19/13
2013Chapter 1.1 Drying Cellulose Nanocrystal Suspensions09/16/13
2013Chapter 1.3: Effect of Cellulose Nanocrystal Alignment on Thermo-Mechanical Response09/13/13
2013Chapter 1.4 Performance-Enhanced Cementitious Materials by Cellulose Nanocrystal Additions09/13/13
2013Chapter 1.4: Mechanical and Thermal Property Enhancement in Cellulose Nanocrystal/Waterborne Epoxy Composites02/24/15
2013Chapter 1.5 Atomistic Simulation of Nanoscale Indentation on Cellulose Nanocrystals09/19/13
2013Chapter 1.6 Cellulose Nanocrystal Substrates for Recyclable Printed Electronics09/19/13
2013Chapter 1.6 Cellulose Nanocrystals: Novel Templates for Synthesis of Nanostructures09/16/13
2013Chapter 1.5 Multiscale Modeling of the Hierarchical Structure of Cellulose Nanocrystals09/13/13
2014Chapter 11: Microscopic Characterization of Nanofibers and Nanocrystals11/13/14
2013Chapter 2.1 Drying Cellulose Nanofibril Suspensions09/18/13
2013Chapter 2.4 Mechanical Properties of Cellulose Nanofibril-Wood Flake Laminate09/13/13
2013Chapter 2.3 Surface Functionalization of TiO2-CNF Films with Au and Ag Nanoclusters for Visible Light Photocatalysis09/18/13
2014Chapter 7: Characterization of Nanocomposites Structure11/18/14
2014Chemical Modification of Kraft Lignin: Effect on Chemical and Thermal Properties08/27/14
2013Chemically imaging the effects of the addition of nanofibrillated cellulose on the distribution of poly(acrylic acid) in poly(vinyl alcohol)04/02/13
2017Coaxing soy adhesives into living up to their potential04/10/18
2016Cohesion and Adhesion with Proteins05/03/16
2015Comparison of Cellulose Supramolecular Structures Between Nanocrystals of Different Origins09/25/15
2015Construction of hydrophobic wood surfaces by room temperature deposition of rutile (TiO2) nanostructures01/21/15
2020Continuous processing of cellulose nanofibril sheets through conventional single-screw extrusion09/04/20
2014Contrast Enhanced Microscopy Digital Image Correlation: A General Method to Contact-Free Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Measurement of Polymer Films09/16/14
2018Corrigendum: dry-spinning of cellulose nanocrystal/polylactic acid composite fibers11/13/18
2013Crystalline cellulose elastic modulus predicted by atomistic models of uniform deformation and nanoscale indentation05/30/13
2020Crystallization kinetics and morphology of small concentrations of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) and cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) melt-compounded into poly(lactic acid) (PLA) with plasticizer04/09/20
2018Current characterization methods for cellulose nanomaterials08/09/18
2014Design and characterization of cellulose nanocrystal-enhanced epoxy hardeners01/21/15
2014Dielectric Damage09/09/14
2012Effect of particle Alignment on mechanical properties of neat cellulose nanocrystal films08/15/13
2014Effect of water uptake on the fracture behavior of low-k organosilicate glass09/08/14
2018Effects of aspect ratio and crystal orientation of cellulose nanocrystals on properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) composite fibers09/27/18
2014Effects of Crystal Orientation on Cellulose Nanocrystals−Cellulose Acetate Nanocomposite Fibers Prepared by Dry Spinning11/13/14
2014Effects of plasma and vacuum-ultraviolet exposure on the mechanical properties of low-k porous organosilicate glass09/08/14
2014Efficient recyclable organic solar cells on cellulose nanocrystal substrates with a conducting polymer top electrode deposited by film-transfer lamination03/26/14
2015Enhanced thermal stability of biomedical thermoplastic polyurethane with the addition of cellulose nanocrystals05/27/15
2015Evaluation of reactive force fields for prediction of the thermo-mechanical properties of cellulose I09/03/15
2015Exploiting colloidal interfaces to increase dispersion, performance, and pot-life in cellulose nanocrystal/waterborne epoxy composites08/31/15
2019Fiberglass composite reinforcement with nanocellulose fiber sizing10/01/19
2016Formulation and characterization of polysaccharide beads for controlled release of plant growth regulators05/03/16
2019Freeze dried cellulose nanocrystal reinforced unsaturated polyester composites: challenges and potential10/01/19
2017Homogeneous and toughened cellulose epoxy composites10/05/17
2018Improved methods for nanoindentation Berkovich probe calibrations using fused silica07/26/18
2016Improving the interfacial and mechanical properties of short glass fiber/epoxy composites by coating the glass fibers with cellulose nanocrystals05/13/16
2018Individually dispersed gold nanoshell-bearing cellulose nanocrystals with tailorable plasmon resonance08/09/18
2013Influence of drying method on the material properties of nanocellulose I: thermostability and crystallinity09/20/13
2013Influence of drying method on the surface energy of cellulose nanofibrils determined by inverse gas chromatography08/05/13
2017Influence of high loading of cellulose nanocrystals in polyacrylonitrile composite films04/26/17
2012Interfacial Properties of Lignin-Based Electrospun Nanofibers and Films Reinforced with Cellulose Nanocrystals01/29/13
2016Introducing cellulose nanocrystals in sheet molding compounds (SMC)08/30/16
2015Iridescent cellulose nanocrystal/polyethylene oxide composite films with low coefficient of thermal expansion01/07/16
2019Lightweight alternatives to glass fiber/epoxy sheet molding compound composites: a feasibility study09/30/19
2017Lightweight sheet molding compound (SMC) composites containing cellulose nanocrystals10/06/17
2019Lignin containing cellulose nanofibril production from willow bark at 80?C using a highly recyclable acid hydrotrope08/27/19
2016Lignin-coated cellulose nanocrystals as promising nucleating agent for poly(lactic acid)10/05/16
2017Lignocellulose pretreatment in a fungus-cultivating termite10/06/17
2013Mechanical and thermal properties of waterborne epoxy composites containing cellulose nanocrystals09/25/14
2013Mechanical and Thermal Property Enhancement in Cellulose Nanocrystal/Waterborne Epoxy Composites09/06/13
2014Mechanical performance of cellulose nanofibril film-wood flake laminate05/14/14
2016Mechanical properties of cellulose nanomaterials studied by contact resonance atomic force microscopy05/03/16
2019Melt spinning of cellulose nanofibril/polylactic acid (CNF/PLA) composite fibers for high stiffness08/27/19
2013Nanocellulose Reinforced Epoxy Elastomer08/15/13
2016Overview of Cellulose Nanomaterials, Their Capabilities and Applications09/07/16
2016Photocatalytic Degradation of Wood Coated with a Combination of Rutile TiO2 Nanostructures and Low-Surface Free-Energy Materials05/04/16
2018Post-sulfonation of cellulose nanofibrils with a one-step reaction to improve dispersibility03/29/18
2015Processing and Characterization of Cellulose Nanocrystals/Polylactic Acid Nanocomposite Films12/15/15
2019Processing of hollow glass sphere/polyester/glass fiber sheet molding composites10/01/19
2018Production of high lignin-containing and lignin-free cellulose nanocrystals from wood02/28/19
2013Protein Modifiers Generally Provide Limited Improvement in Wood Bond Strength of Soy Flour Adhesives10/20/14
2013Recyclable organic solar cells on cellulose nanocrystal substrates05/30/13
2013Reusable photocatalytic titanium dioxide-cellulose nanofiber films05/30/13
2017Rheological and thermo-mechanical properties of poly(lactic acid)/lignin-coated cellulose nanocrystal composites04/25/17
2016Rheological behavior of highly loaded cellulose nanocrystal/poly(vinyl alcohol) composite suspensions09/26/16
2014Silicon nanomembranes as a means to evaluate stress evolution in deposited thin films09/03/15
2017Site selective modification of cellulose nanocrystals with isocyanate for adhesion applications04/25/17
2016Site-selective modification of cellulose nanocrystals with isophorone diisocyanate and formation of polyurethane-CNC composites10/05/16
2017Size dependence of nanoscale wear of silicon carbide10/06/17
2013Spontaneous Phase Transformation and Exfoliation of Rectangular Single-Crystal Zinc Hydroxy Dodecylsulfate Nanomembranes09/30/13
2015Stable Low-Voltage Operation Top-Gate Organic Field-Effect Transistors on Cellulose Nanocrystal Substrates08/13/15
2014Tensile strength of I crystalline cellulose predicted by molecular dynamics simulation07/30/14
2019The effect of cellulose nanocrystal coatings on the glass fiberepoxy interphase09/06/19
2013The effect of water uptake on the mechanical properties of low-k organosilica glass03/21/14
2015The influence of cellulose nanocrystal additions on the performance of cement paste01/20/15
2016The influence of cellulose nanocrystals on the microstructure of cement paste03/20/17
2016The relationship between cellulose nanocrystal dispersion and strength09/01/16
2016The role of chemical transport in the brown-rot decay resistance of modified wood08/05/16
2015The Role of Chemical Transport in the Decay Resistance of Modified Wood.In: M11/18/15
2014Thermal Conductivity in Nanostructured Films: From Single Cellulose Nanocrystals to Bulk Films12/22/14
2013Thermal Expansion of Self-Organized and Shear-Oriented Cellulose Nanocrystal Films08/26/13
2013Thermomechanical Properties of Lignin-Based Electrospun Nanofibers and Films Reinforced with Cellulose Nanocrystals: A Dynamic Mechanical and Nanoindentation Study03/21/14
2018Toughening epoxy composites using nano and microcellulose modifiers09/10/18
2012Transforming Glycoscience: A Roadmap for the Future08/14/13
2020Transparent tempo oxidized cellulose nanofibril (TOCNF) composites with increased toughness and thickness by lamination06/09/20
2019Wet-stacking lamination of multilayer mechanically fibrillated cellulose nanofibril (CNF) sheets with increased mechanical performance for use in high-strength and lightweight structural and packaging applications09/26/19

Project Summaries last modified: 08-22-2018