Engineered Composites Science
Project Title :
Improve performance, durability & value of existing composites; develop next generation wood or wood-derived composites.
Project Number : FPL-4706-2B
Status : NEW
Start Date : 10-01-2012
End Date : 09-30-2019
View the 100 publications associated with this project.
|Non Technical Summary|
|We will use new, high-performance materials such as nanocrystalline cellulose or other nanomaterials coupled with new processes to enhance composite usage and performance. These advanced biocomposites will have performance characteristics that are greater than conventional composites through the use of new advances in technology. For example, we are just beginning to explore nanoparticles and nano-scale surface preparations that will be critical to the development of these next-generation biocomposites. The next generation of advanced engineered biocomposites will provide construction materials and building products that exceed current expectations (e.g., lower cost, more adaptable, more reliable, lower maintenance, smarter) while opening new markets (e.g., commercial and non-residential construction, automotive, aerospace, etc.) and reducing effects on the environment (e.g., air quality, water, and waste).Some of the opportunities offered by new advanced composites and nano-materials include optimized performance, minimized weight and volume, and cost effectiveness resistance to fatigue, chemicals, insects, heat and biodegradation. Composites can also be designed for specific end-performance characteristics by incorporating a wide variety of additives, resins, agricultural fibers, inorganic materials, non-wood synthetics, or three-dimensional design. As we gain an understanding of the fundamentals of raw materials and processing there is a need to identify and quantify ways to improve the performance, durability and value of composites. Thus, we must improve the performance, durability and value of existing composites and develop the next generation of composites containing wood or wood derived materials.|
|A. Composite evaluation and characterization.B. Improve the performance of wood-based composites.C. Develop new composites.|
|A. Composite evaluation and characterization:1) Extend fundamental knowledge of the mechanisms of wood composite failure to ensure long-term durability (e.g., fire-, decay-, insect-, creep-, fatigue-, moisture-, and UV-resistance).2) Develop manufacturing, performance, and design standards for wood-based composites.3) Evaluate the physical and mechanical properties of cellulose nanocomposites, especially for use in novel applications.B. Improve the performance of wood-based composites composites: 1) Evaluate surface treatment methods such as coating as a method to improve durability. 2) Develop treatment methodologies to improve weathering and the fire-, decay-, insect-, and moisture-resistance of composites.3) Apply nanotechnology to expand the potential applications of wood-based composites.C. Develop new composites:1) Develop new cellulose nanocomposites with advanced performance. 2) Combine wood composites with advanced materials such as metal or synthetic fibers. 3) Develop value-added composites using co-products from biorefinery processes.4) Reinforce polymers with continuous fibers from nanocellulose.5) Investigate the feasibility of wood/biofiber composites made with innovative binder systems such as biobased, foaming, inorganics, etc. and/or new curing technologies.|
Publications associated with this Project
|Project Summaries last modified: 08-22-2018|