30 Research Highlights - Nanotechnology
|Publication Year: 2019|
Highlight ID: 1329
|Wet Compounding of Cellulose Nanomaterials into Biodegradable Polymers |
Research at the Forest Products Laboratory has shown that cellulose nanomaterials can improve the barrier properties of polymer films, and such improvements can lead to increased shelf-life of food. However, compounding cellulose nanomaterials into t ...
|Publication Year: 2018|
Highlight ID: 1306
|Modifying Cellulose Nanomaterials for Wet Compounding into Polylactic Acid |
Cellulose nanomaterials (CNMs) have been demonstrated to significantly improve various properties, including mechanical and barrier performance, of polymer composites, but one of the major impediments for producing these cellulose nanocomposites is t ...
|Publication Year: 2017|
Highlight ID: 1289
|Enabling cellulose nanomaterial commercialization |
Cellulose nanomaterials are a high-value product that can be made from low-value wood. ...
Highlight ID: 1290
|Nanocellulose-based triboelectric nanogenerator for green and sustainable electricity generation |
Triboelectric nanogenerator fiberboard made from recycled wood fibers and functionalized cellulose nanofibril films demonstrates the possibility of efficiently converting foot traffic to electricity through a green and sustainable manner, which holds ...
Highlight ID: 1284
|Production of cellulose nanocrystals from raw wood via hydrothermal treatment |
Hydrothermal treatment can be used for production of cellulose nanocrystals directly from green wood. Forest Service scientistsused Raman spectroscopy to better understand the molecular details of this process. ...
|Publication Year: 2016|
Highlight ID: 654
|FPL<>Renewable, Biodegradable Polylactic Acid-Cellulose Nanocrystal Composites for Packaging Applications |
Packaging research conducted at the Forest Products Laboratory is aimed at developing fully biobased composites containing cellulose nanomaterials for packaging applications. Cellulose nanomaterials exhibit a number of interesting properties and have ...
Highlight ID: 664
|Improving Moisture Durability of Forest Products Using Small-angle Neutron Scattering |
Moisture is the underlying cause of numerous durability issues in forest products, including decay, lack of dimensional stability, and fastener corrosion. An improved understanding of where and how water is absorbed in wood nanostructure will acceler ...
Highlight ID: 653
|Improving the Hydrolysis and Fibrillation of Wood Into Cellulose Nanomaterials |
Cellulose nanomaterials have been receiving an increasing amount of interest from both the scientific and industrial communities because of their interesting properties, including good strength, absorbency, and optical properties, such as transparenc ...
Highlight ID: 660
|Site-Selective Surface Modification of Cellulose Nanocrystals |
Forest Service researchers The hydrophilic surfaces of cellulose nanocrystals are synthetically converted to highly reactive functional groups. ...
|Publication Year: 2015|
Highlight ID: 605
|Biodegradable Computer Chips Made From Wood |
The current consumable materials used in the electronics industry are neither recyclable nor sustainable. To reduce the use of expensive materials for electronics and to better protect the environment, recyclable and sustainable materials need to be ...
Highlight ID: 602
|Cellulose Nanocrystals Chemically Entrap Biocide in Wood |
Forest Service scientists evaluated naturally occurring cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) that are reported to have unique chemical properties and impart high strength were evaluated for the potential to improve durability of wood. CNC were shown to penet ...
Highlight ID: 614
|Discovery of Cellulose Nanocrystals as Pot-life Stabilizers for Epoxy Coatings |
Waterborne epoxy coatings are high-value, sought-after environmentally friendly products in the coating industry mostly due to their ease of use, performance and low maintenance. Waterborne epoxy coatings are part of a $56 to 64 billion industry. Add ...
Highlight ID: 612
|High-performance Cellulose Nanocrystal Polyolefin Composites are an Attractive Filler for Polymer Composites |
Nanocellulose-polypropylene and nanocellulose-polyethylene composites exhibited the greatest improvement ever reported for such composites made with unmodified cellulose nanocrystals (CNC). Therefore, addition of biorenewable CNCs to the over 50 mill ...
Highlight ID: 619
|Using Raman Spectroscopy to Analyze Wood, Cellulose-Nanomaterials, and Their Composites |
Raman spectroscopy provides information based on molecular vibrations and is well-suited to analyze wood and cellulose-nanomaterials. Using a recently developed method to determine the fraction of cellulose that is in a crystalline region, this resea ...
|Publication Year: 2014|
Highlight ID: 579
|A "Smart Sponge" Soaks Up Pollutants |
This "smart sponge" is one of a number of applications under development for the tiny wood fibers known as cellulose nanofibrils (CNF). The fibers possess a number of unique properties including renewability, high surface areas, high aspect ratios, a ...
Highlight ID: 578
|Cellulose Nano-enabled Products: Applications and Volume Estimates |
Cellulose nanomaterials are the next big (albeit, small) thing in wood. They can be combined in numerous ways to change the way many products work. This research identified potential end product markets and provided estimates of the potential demand ...
Highlight ID: 580
|Enhancing High-Performance Plastics with Nanocellulose |
Forest Service scientists are using nanocellulose to improve the performance of engineering plastics. By applying advanced processing methods, the scientists are able to temporarily reduce the melting point of the engineering plastic so that nanocell ...
Highlight ID: 588
|New Insight into Wood Damage Mechanisms |
Wood fails because bad things start to happen when wood gets wet. Dimensional stability, mold growth, fungal attack, fastener corrosion, all are caused by fluctuations in moisture or an abundance of moisture in the wood. This research presents a new ...
Highlight ID: 587
|Short Cellulose Nanofibrils Reinforce Aligned Polyvinyl Alcohol Fibers |
Cellulose nanomaterials have recently gained much attention for their potential use for reinforcing polymers and for use in functional materials. Forest Service researchers developed procedures for creating short cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) that are ...
|Publication Year: 2013|
Highlight ID: 449
|Ceramic-Like Thermal Expansion Obtained from Cellulose Nanocrystal Films |
One of the unique properties of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) are their low dimensional change with changes in temperature. Understanding the role and mechanism associated with thermal expansion within CNCs and CNC composites is important to a variety ...
Highlight ID: 444
|New Method Measures Localized Stiffness of Thin Paper Materials with a Single Test |
Forest Products Laboratory researchers have developed a method to measure localized stiffness of thin paper materials with a single test. Although developed for use on problems in the paper industry, this equipment and analysis are equally useful for ...
Highlight ID: 450
|Removing Organic Compounds from Water with Reusable Nanofiber Films |
Researchers produced films for water decontamination using cellulose nanofibers as a matrix material for the suspension of photocatalytic nano particles. ...
|Publication Year: 2012|
Highlight ID: 8
|Cellulose Nanofiber Composites Can Serve as Substrate for Flexible Electronics |
Transparent films made from cellulose nanofibers have low thermal expansion and the potential to serve as a foundation for flexible electronics. ...
Highlight ID: 14
|New Cellulose Nanomaterials Pilot Plant Keeps Up With Market Demand |
Materials are being supplied to three government agencies and six partner universities to accelerate the development of advanced cellulose-reinforced composites, and printed, flexible electronic circuits and products ...
|Publication Year: 2011|
Highlight ID: 301
|Cellulose Nanocrystals |
Cellulose nanocrystals are ultra-small rod-like reinforcement material that can be extracted from trees, plants and some sea animals. This new technology has potential benefit to a variety of cellulose based industries such as paper, packaging, texti ...
Highlight ID: 281
|Evaluating the environmental impact of building material recovery and reuse |
Within the green building and sustainable construction fields, there is a growing movement to recover and reuse building materials in lieu of demolition and landfill disposal. Reuse has several benefits including reducing carbon footprint, conserving ...
Highlight ID: 287
|Nonresidential Building Construction in the United States, |
The construction of low-rise nonresidential buildings is an important market for lumber, structural and nonstructural wood panels, and engineered wood products. Consumption in 2008 was substantially higher than in 2003, and helped maintain solid wood ...
|Publication Year: 2010|
Highlight ID: 191
|Cellulose Nanocrystals: Novel Templates for the Synthesis of Nanostructures |
Harvesting the properties of widely available natural biopolymers for the design of novel systems in nanobiotechnology has been largely ignored in favor of other biological molecules, such as proteins, viruses, or DNA. A joint research effort between ...
Highlight ID: 175
|Scale-up of cellulose nano material production |
There is considerable research internationally on cellulose nano-materials as reinforcement fibers for high strength composites. A persistent problem has been unavailability of cellulose nano-crystals (CNC) and nano-fibrillated cellulose (NFC), the r ...
Highlight ID: 177
|Wood decay enters new era of genomics research |
Over the past decade, research collaborations between the Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute (JGI) and the Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) have resulted in major advances on understanding the fundamental genetics of the fungi responsible ...