15 Research Highlights - Forest Biorefinery
|Publication Year: 2015|
Highlight ID: 600
|Identifying Unusual or Poorly Known Decay Fungi |
Most wood inhabiting fungi are essential to sustain healthy forests and biodiversity, but a few cause serious diseases. Correctly identifying species and understanding their relatedness is a powerful predictive tool for evaluating beneficial and pote ...
Highlight ID: 620
|Imaging Wood Chemicals in Three Dimensions |
For the first time, chemicals in wood were visualized in 3-dimensions. This advance in chemical analysis will help clarify scientists' understanding of wood architecture, strength properties, durability, and cell wall deconstruction for conversion of ...
Highlight ID: 609
|Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Tree Bark |
Evidence shows changes in bark chemistry from an elevated carbon dioxide treatment applied to sweetgum trees. ...
Highlight ID: 613
|Protein Structure and Biochemical Characterization of a Novel Functioning Xylanase |
Scientists identified and characterized a xylanase with unique function that may have applications in processing of woody biomass substrate. ...
Highlight ID: 611
|Temperate and Boreal Fungi Less Sensitive to Climate Change than Tropical Fungi |
Beneficial fungi that help tree roots obtain nutrients from soil are less sensitive to climate in temperate and boreal forests than in tropical forests, but the same is true for root pathogens. ...
Highlight ID: 610
|Wood Decay Fungus Forms Toxic Organohalogen Crystals in Mesquite |
A Forest Service scientist identified toxic organohalogen crystals formed by fungi in decaying mesquite. Charcoal production and forest fires in the Southwest could release significant quantities of this compound into the atmosphere. ...
|Publication Year: 2014|
Highlight ID: 585
|The Xylotron: A Field-Deployable Machine-Vision Wood Identification System |
The Xylotron is a machine-vision-based wood identification system that uses a custom-designed wood imaging device (the Xyloscope), image analysis, and statistical processing software run from a laptop/netbook. With it, users can identify over 150 spe ...
|Publication Year: 2013|
Highlight ID: 432
|Study Analyzes Construction Trends to Determine Wood's Potential |
By analyzing construction trends from 2011, Forest Service researchers at the Forest Products Laboratory found that the opportunity exists for a nearly three-fold increase in the use of wood building materials in new low-rise nonresidential buildings ...
|Publication Year: 2012|
Highlight ID: 9
|Hidden Lives of Wood Decay Fungi Uncovered by Genome Sequencing |
The decoded genomes of 12 species reveal a complex repertoire of proteins involved in the deconstruction of key polymers within wood cell walls ...
Highlight ID: 4
|Metal Core Nanoparticles Created From Wood Char, a Bioenergy Byproduct |
Shell-encapsulated metal core carbon nanoparticles have potential applications in magnetic data storage, xerography, drug delivery, and as a catalyst in other chemical reactions ...
Highlight ID: 3
|New SPORL Process Efficiently Converts Biomass to Sugars and Ferment |
Preliminary laboratory evaluation confirms the high performance of the SPORL process for pretreatment of Douglas fir ...
Highlight ID: 11
|Novel Yeast Makes Bioconversion Faster and Less Expensive |
Faster, cheaper biofuel production is possible for commercial use ...
|Publication Year: 2011|
Highlight ID: 284
|America's Historic Covered Timber Bridges |
Covered wooden bridges proliferated in the United States in the mid-nineteenth century. Today an estimated 800 covered bridge structures remain as cherished links to the technological heritage of the United States. The through-truss designs vary from ...
Highlight ID: 289
|Developing a fire model for homeowner-sized plats - Protecting lives and properties through proper selection of building and landscape materials |
This research is directed to development of fire growth model for the homeowner sized plat that would guide the user on better and aesthetic selections of building and landscaping construction to significantly reduce impact of an encroaching wild lan ...
|Publication Year: 2010|
Highlight ID: 178
|Fast Forward' Genetics for Renewable Fuels |
Researchers at the Forest Products Laboratory used mutagenesis, strain selection and genetic manipulation over a period of seven years to develop improved strains of yeasts that will produce renewable fuel (ethanol) from wood residues. ...