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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


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Outdoor Strain Cycling Robot Reveals Key Durability Factors for Building Sealants

Photograph of autonomous testing robot with sealants and load cells mounted within. USDA Forest Service
Photograph of autonomous testing robot with sealants and load cells mounted within. USDA Forest Service
Snapshot: Outdoor durability testing of building sealants by autonomous robot demonstrates advantages of summer over winter installation and the dominant role cyclic strain plays in property degradation.

An autonomous mechanical testing robot cycled silicone and urethane building sealants through a daily strain cycle based on external temperatures while recording the response loads for each individual sealant specimen. Twice weekly it stopped cycling and measured the apparent modulus of the sealants by applying a step strain followed by a stress relaxation period. The robot was installed outdoors in Madison, Wisconsin, at a 45° angle to the horizon for maximum solar exposure. Next to the robot was a 45° inclined plane with the same sealant placed in racks for static (non-moving) exposure. Thus we had simultaneous outdoor exposure of building sealants with strain cycling and with no imposed movement. In addition, one-third each of the specimens had a tensile prestrain, zero prestrain, and a compressive prestrain. The tensile prestrain simulated a summer installation such that the sealant was installed at its smallest gap due to substrate expansion in hot weather. The compressive prestrain simulated a winter installation when the bond gap was its largest due to substrate contraction during cold weather. These three prestrain conditions had significant impacts on the stress levels the sealants experienced during strain cycling. This research indicates that for some building sealants the installation condition can significantly affect its stability with tensile stress/summer installation being preferable to compression stress/winter installations. Also, the results highlight the overwhelming importance of cyclic strain as a key factor in durability evaluations.
Princpal Investigator(s):
 Schueneman, Gregory

Research Location:
  • Madison, WI at FPL Test Fence Site

Forest Service Partners:
  • Chris Hunt, Steve Lacher

Fiscal Year: 2018
Highlight ID: 1307
Related Research Emphasis Areas: