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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
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Title: Non-destructive evaluation techniques and what they tell us about wood property variation

Source: Forests. 10(9). 50 p.

Author(s)Schimleck, Laurence ; Dahlen, Joseph ; Apiolaza, Luis A.; Downes, Geoff ; Emms, Grant ; Evans, Robert ; Moore, John ; Pâques, Luc ; Van den Bulcke, Jan ; Wang, Xiping

Publication Year: 2019  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4714-1B

Abstract: To maximize utilization of our forest resources, detailed knowledge of wood property variation and the impacts this has on end-product performance is required at multiple scales (within and among trees, regionally). As many wood properties are difficult and time-consuming to measure our knowledge regarding their variation is often inadequate as is our understanding of their responses to genetic and silvicultural manipulation. The emergence of many non-destructive evaluation (NDE) methodologies offers the potential to greatly enhance our understanding of the forest resource; however, it is critical to recognize that any technique has its limitations and it is important to select the appropriate technique for a given application. In this review, we will discuss the following technologies for assessing wood properties both in the feld: acoustics, Pilodyn, Resistograph and Rigidimeter and the lab: computer tomography (CT) scanning, DiscBot, near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, radial sample acoustics and SilviScan. We will discuss these techniques, explore their utilization, and list applications that best suit each methodology. As an end goal, NDE technologies will help researchers worldwide characterize wood properties, develop accurate models for prediction, and utilize feld equipment that can validate the predictions. The continued advancement of NDE technologies will also allow researchers to better understand the impact on wood properties on product performance.

Keywords: Acoustics; computer tomography (CT) scanning; DiscBot; near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy; nondestructive evaluation (NDE); Pilodyn; Rigidimeter; Resistograph; SilviScan; wood and fber quality; X-ray densitometry; X-ray diffraction

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 5,120 kb(s)

Date posted: 09/17/2019

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 95431
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Wang, Xiping
Research Forest Products Technologist

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