Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: U.S. timber production, trade, consumption, and price statistics, 1965-2017

Source: Res. Pap. FPL-RP-701. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 96 p.

Author(s)Howard, James L.; Liang, Shaobo

Publication Year: 2019  View PDF »

Category: Research Papers
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4851-5B

Abstract: This report presents current and historical annual data on the production, trade, consumption, and prices of timber products in the United States. The report also focuses on national statistics but includes some data for individual states and regions and for Canada. The data were collected from industry trade associations and government agencies. They are intended for use by forest land managers, forest industries, trade associations, forestry schools, renewable resource organizations, individuals in the major timber producing and consuming countries of the world, and the general public. A major use of the data is tracking industry production and consumption trends over time. One of the major shifts that has occurred in the wood-using industry since the great recession of 2008–2010 is that both production and consumption of roundwood per capita increased. Because of increased paper recycling and increased processing efficiency, the consumption per capita in roundwood equivalent decreased from 83 ft3 in 1986 to 49 ft3 in 2008. But during the most recent time period, the increase in production per capita was caused by the U.S. economic recovery, which positively impacted wood markets. In the 1960s and 1970s, consumption averaged 65 ft3 per capita before increasing and peaking in 1986 to 83 ft3 per capita. Since 2004, consumption per capita has continued to steadily decrease, falling to 42 ft3 in 2009 before increasing to 52.4 ft3 in 2017. Per capita consumption in 2017 was 52.4 ft3, which was the eighth consecutive year of increases. Since 1999, paper consumption fell from 57 to 32 million tons in 2017. Since 1999, newsprint capacity declined from 7.4 to 1.5 million tons in 2017 and printing and writing paper fell from 29.5 to 15.9 million tons of capacity in 2017. Another shift occurring during the past several years is increased emphasis on wood energy use, which has shown wide fluctuations during the last decade and into 2017. One exception to this trend is pellet production and trade, which has continued to grow for the last 5 years. Another shift occurring is the potential for increased production of new products such as cross-laminated timber with the establishment of multiple manufacturing facilities in the Pacific Northwest.

Keywords: Production; consumption; import; export

Publication Review Process: Informally Refereed (Peer-Reviewed)

File size: 4,096 kb(s)

Date posted: 09/05/2019

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 94911
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Howard, James L.

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »