Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Specific oxidants improve the wood bonding strength of soy and other plant flours

Source: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry. 57(9): 1017-1023.

Author(s)Frihart, Charles R.; Lorenz, Linda F.

Publication Year: 2019  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles

Abstract: To meet newer environmental standards, modified plant proteins have been studied as no-added formaldehyde wood adhesives for interior applications. Many methods have been developed to increase the wet strength of wood products bonded with soy adhesives. These methods involve modifying the soy in separate steps prior to formulating the adhesive or adding a polymerizable co-reactant to the soy. We show that adding periodate, permanganate, or iodate to soy flour improved the strength of soy adhesive bonds in small-scale testing and in plywood shear, especially when tested under wet conditions. Periodate improved the bond strength of other plant materials (lupine, canola, and cottonseed) but none of these produced as high of a wet strength as the soy flour. We investigated other oxidants with plant proteins. Permanganate was quite effective and iodate was somewhat effective, whereas nitric acid, chlorate, perchlorate, and bromate were not effective in increasing wet strength. The available data are consistent with oxidation of the carbohydrate–protein mixture in plant flours to provide adhesives with increased wet strength in wood bonds. This mechanism was also supported by the improved wet strength with the addition of dialdehydes (glyoxal and glutaraldehyde). The purified soy protein also gave strength improvement with periodate.

Keywords: Adhesives; polysaccharides; proteins; renewable resources

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 1,024 kb(s)

Date posted: 05/03/2019

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 94014
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Frihart, Charles R.
Research Chemist

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »