Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Apparatus for gravimetric measurement of moisture sorption isotherms for 1-100 g samples in parallel

Source: Wood and Fiber Science. 50(3): 244-253.

Author(s)Zelinka, Samuel L.; Bourne, Keith J.; Glass, Samuel V; Boardman, Charles R.; Lorenz, Linda ; Thybring, Emil Engelund.

Publication Year: 2018  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4716-3A

Abstract: This article presents a new apparatus for collecting water vapor sorption isotherms in parallel with example data from acetylated and thermally modified loblolly pine. The experimental setup consists of an enclosure that is continuously flushed with a carrier gas of known RH supplied by an RH generator and a balance with precision of 0.1 mg. All samples are placed on the balance and the mass is monitored as a function of time. At a given RH, the measurements are stopped when the change in the total mass of all samples are less than or equal to a change in MC of 0.1 μg g-1 min-1 (0.000 01%) per minute over a 24 h window. The sorption isotherms effectively differentiated the wood modifications; isotherm models fit the data extremely well (R2 ≥ 0.95 for all treatments). A comparison of the data with measurements on the same specimens conditioned over saturated salt solutions shows that the method is comparable with isotherms acquired over saturated salts. When compared with the saturated salt solution method for collecting isotherms, this method requires less labor. Furthermore, unlike traditional dynamic vapor sorption methods, this apparatus easily allows multiple macroscopic samples to be run in parallel.

Keywords: Wood-moisture relations; dynamic vapor sorption; water vapor sorption; isotherm

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 689 kb(s)

Date posted: 09/10/2018

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 91744
Current FPL Scientists associated with this product (listed alphabetically)
Glass, Samuel V.
Research Physical Scientist
Zelinka, Samuel L.
Materials Research Engineer

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »