Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Influence of hot water extraction on cell wall and OSB strand mechanics

Source: Wood Science and Technology. 51(6): 1307-1319.

Author(s)Paredes, J. J.; Shaler, S. ; Howell, C. ; Jakes, J.

Publication Year: 2017  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4707-2B

Abstract: The exposure of wood to elevated temperatures during hot water extraction (HWE) has been shown to significantly influence a variety of physical and chemical properties of the wood. Aspen (Populus tremuloides) and hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)strands underwent HWE at 160° C for four different periods of time. The weight loss (WL) associated with the processes ranged from 2.9 to 17.3% for the aspen, and from 2.9 to 12.8% for the hemlock. The higher WL associated with the hardwood was attributed to higher hemicellulose content in the hardwood than in the softwood as well as differences in chemical composition. Substantial increases in cell wall hardness (up to 34%) and modulus of elasticity (MOE) (up to 28%) were obtained at the intermediate extraction conditions. Extended exposure conditions resulted in decreases. The axial MOE of strands showed significant differences only in aspen. These changes are hypothesized to be related, in part, to changes in cellulose crystallinity.

Keywords: OSB; nanoindentation; hardness; modulus of elasticity

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 524 kb(s)

Date posted: 08/31/2018

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 91576
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Jakes, Joseph
Research Materials Engineer

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »