Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: GH115 ?-glucuronidase and GH11 xylanase from Paenibacillus sp. JDR-2: potential roles in processing glucuronoxylans

Source: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 101(4): 1465-1476.

Author(s)Rhee, Mun Su; Sawhney, Neha ; Kim, Young Sik; Rhee, Hyun Jee; Hurlbert, Jason C.; St. John, Franz J.; Nong, Guang ; Rice, John D.; Preston, James F.

Publication Year: 2017  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4712-3B

Abstract: Paenibacillus sp. JDR-2 (Pjdr2) has been studied as a model for development of bacterial biocatalysts for efficient processing of xylans, methylglucuronoxylan, and methylglucuronoarabinoxylan, the predominant hemicellulosic polysaccharides found in dicots and monocots, respectively. Pjdr2 produces a cell-associated GH10 endoxylanase (Xyn10A1) that catalyzes depolymerization of xylans to xylobiose, xylotriose, and methylglucuronoxylotriose with methylglucuronate-linked ?-1,2 to the nonreducing terminal xylose. A GH10/GH67 xylan utilization regulon includes genes encoding an extracellular cell-associated Xyn10A1 endoxylanase and an intracellular GH67 ?-glucuronidase active on methylglucuronoxylotriose generated by Xyn10A1 but without activity on methylglucuronoxylotetraose generated by a GH11 endoxylanase. The sequenced genome of Pjdr2 contains three paralogous genes potentially encoding GH115 ?- glucuronidases found in certain bacteria and fungi. One of these, Pjdr2_5977, shows enhanced expression during growth on xylans along with Pjdr2_4664 encoding a GH11 endoxylanase. Here, we show that Pjdr2_5977 encodes a GH115 ?-glucuronidase, Agu115A, with maximal activity on the aldouronate methylglucuronoxylotetraose selectively generated by a GH11 endoxylanase Xyn11 encoded by Pjdr2_4664. Growth of Pjdr2 on this methylglucuronoxylotetraose supports a process for Xyn11-mediated extracellular depolymerization of methylglucuronoxylan and Agu115A-mediated intracellular deglycosylation as an alternative to the GH10/GH67 system previously defined in this bacterium. A recombinantly expressed enzyme encoded by the Pjdr2 agu115A gene catalyzes removal of 4-O-methylglucuronate residues ?-1,2 linked to internal xylose residues in oligoxylosides generated by GH11 and GH30 xylanases and releases methylglucuronate from polymeric methylglucuronoxylan. The GH115 ?- glucuronidase from Pjdr2 extends the discovery of this activity to members of the phylum Firmicutes and contributes to a novel system for bioprocessing hemicelluloses.

Keywords: Paenibacillus sp. JDR-2; xylans; GH11 endoxylanase; GH115 ?-glucuronidase; biofuels and chemicals

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 1,024 kb(s)

Date posted: 08/31/2018

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 91562
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
St. Johns, Franz
Research Microbiologist

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »