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Title: Lessons learned from 150 years of pulping wood

Source: In: Beckham, Gregg T., ed. Energy and Environment Series No. 19: Lignin valorization: emerging approaches. Royal Society of Chemistry: 62-74. Chapter 3.

Author(s)Houtman, Carl

Publication Year: 2018  View PDF »

Category: Book Chapter

Abstract: The invention of the Gutenberg printing press in 1440 started a steady increase in demand for paper. Until the mid-1800s, most paper pulp was made by collecting, cleaning, and beating discarded linen and cotton rags. Collection of rags was such a large and organized industry that companies were regulated by the government and workers had unions. Henry Mayhew described a grand banquet of the fraternal order of chiffonniers (rag-pickers).1 As literacy and printing technology improved, demand for paper outstripped supply, and the search for alternative sources of fiber began in earnest. For example, Jacob Christian Sha¨ffer, a noted clergyman and amateur botanist, in 1765 began releasing a six-volume treatise on new papermaking fibers.2 He explored the use of a wide range of natural materials to make paper and he bound samples of the paper in his books to demonstrate their quality. Ultimately Sha¨ffer started his own paper company.

Keywords: Wood pulping; lignin isolation; lignin chemistry

Publication Review Process: Informally Refereed (Peer-Reviewed)

File size: 535 kb(s)

Date posted: 07/26/2018

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 90725
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Houtman, Carl J.
Chemical Engineer
  

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