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Forest Products Laboratory
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Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
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Title: Aldehyde-functionalized porous nanocellulose for effective removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions

Source: RSC Adv. 6(95): 92648-92654

Author(s)Yao, C.; Wang, F.; Cai, Z.; Wang, X.

Publication Year: 2016  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4706-1B

Abstract: Nanoscale sorption is a promising strategy for catalyst and purification system design. In this paper, cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) were densely attached with aldehyde functional groups on the surface via a mild periodate oxidation process, and then applied as mesoporous sorbents to remove Cu(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solutions. In the studied concentration range (0.6–1.0 mmol L-1), a removal capacity of 0.75 mmol g-1 for Pb(II) and 0.58 mmol g-1 for Cu(II) was obtained. It is higher than most reported results over a much broader concentration range. Furthermore, the physical chemistry of the sorption process was studied in terms of sorption kinetics, sorption isotherm study and thermodynamic study. The results showed that the sorption process is under the combined influences of reaction kinetics, film diffusion and intraparticle diffusion, and follows the Langmuir model of monolayer adsorption. The sorption is spontaneous and endothermic. This development demonstrates an ecofriendly and costeffective method with high level effectiveness of metal ion removal.

Keywords: Cellulose nanofibrils; penodate oxidation; heavy metal removal

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 703 kb(s)

Date posted: 10/06/2017

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 88593
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Cai, Zhiyong
Supervisory Research Materials Engineer

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