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Title: Maximum likelihood estimation of the parameters of a bivariate Gaussian-Weibull distribution from machine stress-rated data

Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Research Paper, FPL-RP-685

Author(s)Verrill, Steve P.; Kretschmann, David E.; Evans, James W.

Publication Year: 2016  View PDF »

Category: Research Papers
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4714-2B  FPL-4851-2B

Abstract: Two important wood properties are stiffness (modulus of elasticity, MOE) and bending strength (modulus of rupture, MOR). In the past, MOE has often been modeled as a Gaussian and MOR as a lognormal or a two- or threeparameter Weibull. It is well known that MOE and MOR are positively correlated. To model the simultaneous behavior of MOE and MOR for the purposes of wood system reliability calculations, a 2012 paper by Verrill, Evans, Kretschmann, and Hatfield introduced a bivariate Gaussian–Weibull distribution and the associated pseudo-truncated Weibull. In that paper, they obtained an asymptotically efficient estimator of the parameter vector of the bivariate Gaussian– Weibull. This estimator requires data from the full bivariate MOE,MOR distribution. In practice, such data are often not available. Instead, in some cases “Machine Stress-Rated” (MSR) data are available. An MSR data set consists of MOE,MOR pairs, where a pair is accepted into the data set (a piece of lumber is accepted) if and only if the MOE value lies between predetermined lower and upper bounds. For such a data set, the asymptotically efficient methods appropriate for a full data set cannot be used. In this paper we present an approach that is effective for MSR data.

Keywords: reliability; modulus of rupture; modulus of elasticity; normal distribution; Weibull distribution; bivariate Gaussian-Weibull distribution; bivariate normal-Weibull distribution; pseudo-truncated Weibull distribution; likelihood methods; machine stress-rated data; MSR data

Publication Review Process: Informally Refereed (Peer-Reviewed)

File size: 1,024 kb(s)

Date posted: 08/24/2016

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 80122
Current FPL Scientists associated with this product (listed alphabetically)
Evans, James W.
Mathematical Statistician
Kretschmann, David E.
Research General Engineer
Verrill, Steve P.
Mathematical Statistician

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