Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592
Email

 

You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Laboratory and exterior decay of wood plastic composite boards: voids analysis and computed tomography

Source: Wood Material Science & Engineering

Author(s)Sun, Grace; Ibach, Rebecca E.; Faillace, Meghan; Gnatowski, Marek; Glaeser, Jessie A.; Haight, John

Publication Year: 2016  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4707-1B

Abstract: After exposure in the field and laboratory soil block culture testing, the void content of wood–plastic composite (WPC) decking boards was compared to unexposed samples. A void volume analysis was conducted based on calculations of sample density and from micro-computed tomography (microCT) data. It was found that reference WPC contains voids of different sizes from the micrometer range up to several cubic millimeters. Large voids were unevenly distributed within the composite sample. Void size and volume increased after conditioning the WPC in water at 70°C. Depending on the effect of exposure conditions, fungal decay during laboratory soil block testing increased the size and volume of voids. For laboratory samples, the calculated void volume was much higher compared to microCT-detected voids because of the limited resolution of the instrument on relatively large samples with many nano- and microvoids present in the material. In both laboratory and field samples, the creation of the voids resulted in a significant decrease in composite density. Decay damage observed as an increase in the size and volume of voids was particularly severe for boards exposed in the field. The calculated void volume in such samples was in reasonable agreement with voids detected by microCT.

Keywords: CT, exterior exposure, fungi, microstructure, scanning electron microscopy, soil block culture test weathering

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 3,072 kb(s)

Date posted: 08/03/2016

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 79815
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Ibach, Rebecca E.
Research Chemist
  

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »


Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »


Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


Nanotechnology

A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »


Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »