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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


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Title: Chapter 7: Nondestructive Testing in the Urban Forest

Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, General Technical Report, FPL-GTR-238, 2015; p. 77-86.

Author(s)Allison, R. Bruce; Wang, Xiping

Publication Year: 2015  View PDF »

Category: General Technical Reports
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4714-MB

Abstract: Trees within an urban community provide measurable aesthetic, social, ecological and economic benefits. When growing normally and stably, they contribute to making a city more livable and comfortable for its inhabitants. However, as large physical structures in close proximity to people and property, their failure can cause harm. The science of tree stability analysis uses both biological and engineering principles in determining a tree’s structural soundness and predicting the probability of failure. Nondestructive testing methods of locating and quantifying wood decay and defect are used to measure the physical condition of trees within the urban forest to promote public safety. These methods are of special value to the urban forest managers and arborists responsible for the general safety of city residents, roadway transportation, and utility corridors. This chapter will discuss the commonly used methods of visual inspection, acoustic testing, and microdrill resistance with two case studies presented to illustrate how they are used in combination plus how to best interpret data collected in evaluating the nature and threat of discovered defects.

Keywords: wood; timber; nondestructive testing; nondestructive evaluation

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 481 kb(s)

Date posted: 09/25/2015

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 75508
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Wang, Xiping
Research Forest Products Technologist

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