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Title: Genome-Wide Association Mapping of and Aspergillus flavus Aflatoxin Accumulation Resistance in Maize

Source: Crop Science

Author(s)Warburton, Marilyn L.; Tang, Juliet D.; Windham, Gary L.; Hawkins, Leigh K.; Murray, Seth C.; Xu, Wenwei; Boykin, Debbie; Perkins, Andy; Williams, W. Paul

Publication Year: 2015  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4723-1A

Abstract: Contamination of maize (Zea mays L.) with aflatoxin, produced by the fungus Aspergillus flavus Link, has severe health and economic consequences. Efforts to reduce aflatoxin accumulation in maize have focused on identifying and selecting germplasm with natural host resistance factors, and several maize lines with significantly reduced aflatoxin accumulation have been identified. Past linkage mapping studies have identified quantitative trait loci (QTL) that consistently reduce aflatoxin levels in maize. In addition, an association mapping panel of 300 maize inbred lines was previously created specifically for the dissection of aflatoxin accumulation resistance. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using this panel of testcrossed maize hybrids. Each of the inbred parents of the testcrossed hybrids was genotyped by sequencing to generate 261,184 robust single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and the entire panel was phenotyped for aflatoxin accumulation following inoculation with A. flavus in multilocation, replicated field trials. Results uncovered 107 SNPs associated with aflatoxin accumulation in one or more environments in the association panel at a probability level between 9.78 × 10-6 and 2.87 × 10-10. Eight SNP trait associations were found with a false discovery rate (FDR) of less than 10% (p < 3.83 × 10-7). These SNPs occur within the sequence of three uncharacterized genes. Variants in 25 other genomic regions showing high association values over more than one environment are also presented. These genomic regions are undergoing validation studies and will be of use to dissect the resistance to aflatoxin accumulation and improve this trait.

Keywords: host plant resistance; aflatoxin; genome-wide association study

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

Date posted: 08/26/2015

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 74096
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Tang, Juliet
Research Forest Products Technologist

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