Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Enhanced thermal stability of biomedical thermoplastic polyurethane with the addition of cellulose nanocrystals

Source: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Volume 132, Number 22, 2015; 8 p.

Author(s)Liu, Jen-Chieh; Martin, Darren J.; Moon, Robert J.; Youngblood, Jeffrey P.

Publication Year: 2015  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4707-3B

Abstract: Freeze-dried cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were dispersed in the thermoplastic polyurethane [Pellethane 2363-55D (P55D)] by a solvent casting method to fabricate CNC-reinforced nanocomposites. This study demonstrated that the addition of small amounts (1–5 wt %) of CNCs to P55D increased the thermal degradation temperature while maintaining a similar stiffness, strength, and elongation of the neat P55D. CNC additions to P55D did not alter the glass-transition temperature, but the onset decomposition temperature was shifted from 286 to 327C when 1 wt % CNCs was dispersed in the matrix. The higher onset decomposition temperature was attributed to the formation of hydrogen bonds between the hydroxyl groups on the CNC surface and urethane groups in the hard block of P55D. The ultimate tensile strength and strain to failure (εf) of the nanocomposites were minimally affected by additions up to 5 wt % CNCs, whereas the elastic modulus was increased by about 70%. The observation that εf was unchanged with the addition of up to 5 wt % CNCs suggested that the flow/sliding of the hard blocks and chains were not hindered by the presence of the CNCs during plastic deformation. The ramifications of this study was that CNC additions resulted in wider processing temperatures of P55D for various biomedical devices while maintaining a similar stiffness, strength, and elongation.

Keywords: biomedical applications; cellulose and other wood products; composites; polyurethanes; thermoplastics

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 727 kb(s)

Date posted: 05/27/2015

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 72888
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Moon, Robert J.
Materials Research Engineer

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »