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Title: Grouping Tropical Wood Species and Thicknesses by Similar Estimated Kiln Drying Time Using Mathematical Models

Source: In: Vanek, Manfred, ed. Understanding the wood drying process: A synthesis of theory and practice. Proceedings, 3rd International Union of Forestry Research Organizations (IUFRO) International conference; 1992 August 18-21; Vienna, Austria. Vienna, Austria: IUFRO; 1992 pp. 38-44.

Author(s): Simpson, William T.

Publication Year: 1992  View PDF »

Category: Conference Proceedings

Abstract: Because of the large variety and diffuse occurrence of tropical hardwood species in the forest, an efficient method to kiln dry these hardwoods in groups is needed. However, tropical hardwoods have a wide variety of drying properties, which makes drying mixtures of species difficult. This paper describes a mathematical model for grouping species by similar drying times. Our goal is to kiln dry so that all species emerge at the same time within set limits of moisture content. The model, which uses previously reported data, incorporates specific gravity, initial moisture content, and thickness as criteria for grouping species based on estimated drying time. The model can be used to calculate drying times and moisture content distributions within multiple-step kiln schedules, followed by calculations to equalize all members of the mixture within final moisture content specifications. The model can also be used to base grouping on green weight density, thus eliminating the need for direct information on specific gravity and initial moisture content. Plans are to evaluate the dry-kiln grouping system in field tests.

Keywords: Tropical wood species, kiln drying, mathematical models

Publication Review Process: Non-Refereed (Other)

File size: 501 kb(s)

Date posted: 03/16/2015
RITS Product ID: 72436

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