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Madison, WI 53726-2398
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Title: Using sulfite chemistry for robust bioconversion of Douglas-fir forest residue to bioethanol at high titer and lignosulfonate: A pilot-scale evaluation

Source: BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, Volume 179, 2015; pp. 390-397.

Author(s)Zhu, J.Y.; Chandra, M. Subhosh; Gu, Feng; Gleisner, Roland; Zhu, J.Y.; Sessions, John; Marrs, Gevan; Gao, Johnway; Anderson, Dwight

Publication Year: 2015  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4709-1B

Abstract: This study demonstrated at the pilot-scale (50 kg) use of Douglas-fir forest harvest residue, an underutilized forest biomass, for the production of high titer and high yield bioethanol using sulfite chemistry without solid–liquor separation and detoxification. Sulfite Pretreatment to Overcome the Recalcitrance of Lignocelluloses (SPORL) was directly applied to the ground forest harvest residue with no further mechanical size reduction, at a low temperature of 145 C and calcium bisulfite or total SO2 loadings of only 6.5 or 6.6 wt% on oven dry forest residue, respectively. The low temperature pretreatment facilitated high solids fermentation of the un-detoxified pretreated whole slurry. An ethanol yield of 282 L/ tonne, equivalent to 70% theoretical, with a titer of 42 g/L was achieved. SPORL solubilized approximately 45% of the wood lignin as directly marketable lignosulfonate with properties equivalent to or better than a commercial lignosulfonate, important to improve the economics of biofuel production.

Keywords: Sulfite pulping; Pretreatment; High titer biofuel; Forest residues; Lignosulfonate

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 1,223 kb(s)

Date posted: 01/21/2015

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 71863
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Zhu, JunYong
Research General Engineer

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