Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Full-scale Dynamic Testing of Soft-Story Retrofitted and Un-Retrofitted Woodframe Buildings

Source: In: Proceedings, Structural Engineers Association of California Convention, September 18-21, 2013, San Diego, California; 2013; pp. 219-228.

Author(s)Lindt, John W. van de; Abell, George T.; Bahmani, Pouria; Gershfeld, Mikhail; Shao, Xiaoyun; Pang, Weichiang; Symans, Michael D.; Ziaei, Ershad; Pryor, Steven E.; Rammer, Douglas; Tian, Jingjing

Publication Year: 2013  View PDF »

Category: Conference Proceedings
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4714-3B

Abstract: The existence of thousands of soft-story woodframe buildings in California has been recognized as a disaster preparedness problem with concerted mitigation efforts underway in many cities throughout the state. The vast majority of those efforts are based on numerical modeling, often with half-century old data in which assumptions have to be made based on best engineering judgment and project committee consensus. The NEES-Soft project, whose full title is “Seismic Risk Reduction for Soft-Story Woodframe Buildings,” is a five university multi-industry three-year project which has many facets including improved nonlinear numerical modeling, outreach, design method development, and full-scale system level experimental validation of soft-story retrofit techniques. In 2013, two full-scale buildings will be tested within NEES-Soft. The first is a three-story building which will be tested at the University at Buffalo NEES facility using slow pseudo-dynamic testing. The bottom story, representing a soft story with garage openings, will be the numerical substructure and reproduced by computer, while the damage to the two upper stories, representing the physical substructure, will be observed in the lab and provide feedback to the actuators. This test has the main objective of determining the effect of the retrofits on damage to the upper stories and collapse risk of the complete structure. The second major test, to be conducted in the summer of 2013, is on a full-scale four-story 4,000 sq-ft soft-story building. It will be tested by the NEESSoft project team at the UCSD NEES outdoor shake table using a variety of retrofits. These retrofits will range from FEMA P-807 retrofits to performance-based seismic retrofits developed as part of the project. Full-scale test results for both full-scale system specimens will be presented and comparisons made to the FEMA P-807 performance expectation and the performance-based seismic retrofit.

Keywords: stainless steel; nail withdrawal; National Design Specifications for Wood Construction; (NDS); nail bending yield strength; design

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 1,025 kb(s)

Date posted: 09/08/2014

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 68687
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Rammer, Douglas R.
Research General Engineer

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »