Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Influence of a stabilized cap layer on the photodegradation of coextruded high density polyethylene/woodflour composites

Source: Journal of Vinyl & Additive Technology. 239-249.

Author(s)Jin, Shan; Stark, Nicole M.; Matuana, Laurent M.

Publication Year: 2013  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4706-1B

Abstract: The effect of light stabilizer’s addition method into wood-plastic composites (WPCs), i.e., surface versus bulk, on their photostability was evaluated. Blends of ultraviolet absorbers (benzotriazole or hydroxyphenyltriazine) with a hindered amine light stabilizer were used as the stabilizing additives. Both unstabilized and photostabilized uncapped (control) samples, as well as coextruded WPCs counterparts, were exposed to up to 3000 h of accelerated artificial weathering. The light transmittance, surface morphology, and color of the samples before and after weathering were analyzed by UV-vis spectroscopy, SEM, and Chroma Meter. The experimental results indicated that the method of adding the light stabilizer had a significant effect on the WPC photostability. While bulk addition reduced the degree of fading in uncapped composite, it did not suppress it completely. On the other hand, coextruded WPCs with photostabilized cap layers showed no visible signs of fading, thus clearly indicating that the stabilized cap layers blocked most of the UV radiation, and thereby prevent of UV light to reach the surface of the inner layer of coextruded composites. Costanalysis considerations indicated that 50 times more light stabilizer was needed when it was incorporated into the bulk of the composites rather than in the cap layer of coextruded samples. Clearly, these results suggest that adding light stabilizers at the surface of WPCs not only protects them against UV degradation, but also is a most efficient and cost-effective method of photostabilization than bulk addition.

Keywords: WPC; coextrusion; durability; weathering; stabilizers; color; SEM

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 682 kb(s)

Date posted: 08/04/2014

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 68118
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Stark, Nicole M.
Research Chemical Engineer

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »