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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
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Title: Chapter 4: Observations on Load-Deformation Testing

Source: In: Mark, R. E., ed. Volume 1. Handbook of Physical and Mechanical Testing of Paper and Paperboard. New York and Basel: Marcel Dekker, Inc.; 1983; pp. 116-142.

Author(s): Setterholm, Vance C.; Gunderson, Dennis E.

Publication Year: 1983  View PDF »

Category: Book Chapter

Abstract: Wood fiber is one of the outstanding resources of this era. It has a higher strength-to-weight ratio than any other structural material and can be used to make a vast variety of products, from soft, fluffy facial tissue to strong fiber-reinforced plastic kitchen countertops. It can also be said that we know less about the basic strength and elastic properties of paper than almost any other common structural material. A random survey of seven standard reference handbooks [3, 5, 9, 13, 15, 16, 26] shows that none of these texts provides an information seeker with the kind of basic design data available for other structural materials. Two of the references do not even list paper, and the other five very briefly discuss process variables, types of paper, and their origins. Perhaps this is because, for much of its history, paper has been treated as a unique material, and physical tests developed in the industry did not address basic (engineering) properties. As far back as 1939, however, researchers at the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory began to look at paper as an engineering material and started developing tests to measure its strength and elastic properties [7]. More recently, the mechanical properties of paper have been the subject of intense scrutiny in industrial, academic, and governmental research laboratories that specialize in pulp and paper research. Eventually, it will be the research results of these laboratories that will provide the data needed to create better paper and paperboard structural products.

Keywords: testing; deformation; stresses; strains; scaling; tension; compression; shear; fibers; paperboard

Publication Review Process: Non-Refereed (Other)

File size: 967 kb(s)

Date posted: 05/23/2014
RITS Product ID: 67798

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