Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592
Email

 

You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: A strategy for prediction of the elastic properties of epoxy-cellulose nanocrystal-reinforced fiber networks

Source: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal Volume 29, Number 1, 2014; pp. 85-94.

Author(s)Goodsell, Johnathan E.; Moon, Robert J.; Huizar, Alionso; Pipes, R. Byron

Publication Year: 2014  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4707-3B

Abstract: The reinforcement potential of cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) additions on an idealized 2-dirmensional (2-D) fiber network structure consisting of micron sized fiber elements was investigated. The reinforcement mechanism considered in this study was through the stiffening of the micron sized fiber elements via a CNC-epoxy coating. A hierarchical analytical modeling approach was used to estimate the elastic properties spanning three different structural features; i) micromechanics for CNC-epoxy properties, ii) laminate theory for fiber elements coated with CNC-epoxy, and iii) a 2-D network model for an assembly of interconnected fiber elements. The extent to which CNC-epoxy coating can stiffen a fiber element was dependent on the CNC volume fraction, CNC-epoxy layer thickness, CNC alignment, CNC aspect ratio, and the original stiffness of the fiber element. Calculations suggest there is a potential for CNC additions to stiffen network structures, the extent to which is strongly depending on the initial fiber element stiffness. Incorporation of limited experimental observations into the model and fiber element properties typical of fibers used in paper products, however, suggests that the enhancement of CNCs on a wood fiber element and thus on the network structure, may be limited.

Keywords: Laminate theory; Multi-scale modeling; Elasticity; Network composites; Cellulose nanocrystals

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 955 kb(s)

Date posted: 03/28/2014

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 67358
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Moon, Robert J.
Materials Research Engineer
  

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »


Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »


Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


Nanotechnology

A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »


Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »