Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Mechanisms of Termite Spread in Wisconsin and Potential Consequences as a Result of Changing Climate Trends

Source: Proceedings of the 109th American Wood Protection Association, April 28-May 1, 2013; Honolulu, Hawaii: 109: 2014; pp. 111-114.

Author(s)Arango, R. A.; Green, F. III; Esenther, G.R.; Marschalek, D.A.; Berres, M.E.; Raffa, K.F.

Publication Year: 2014  View PDF »

Category: Conference Proceedings
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4723-4B

Abstract: Mature colonies of Reticulitermes spp. reproduce and spread mainly by secondary (rather than alate) reproductives throughout their geographical distribution, but especially near the northern boundaries of their range. Historically in Wisconsin, winged reproductives of the one established species, Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar), have been noted only a few times in ground-dwelling colonies and are thus not thought to spread in this manner. Previous research suggests that populations in Wisconsin were introduced by anthropogenic movement of infested materials, a hypothesis supported by recent results from amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) data. Both spatial and non-spatial genetic clustering models suggested strong genetic differentiation among all colonies sampled, indicating little transfer of genetic material. On May 02, 2012 numerous alate reproductives were seen in Janesville, Wisconsin, independent of heated structures after a particularly warm winter. Triggers of alate formation and the influence of temperature in alate differentiation are topics of ongoing research to better assess the risks for future termite introductions, which could rapidly expand the range of R. flavipes northward.

Keywords: reticulitermes flavipes; amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP); genetic variation; termite dispersal; Wisconsin

Publication Review Process: Informally Refereed (Peer-Reviewed)

File size: 859 kb(s)

Date posted: 03/25/2014

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 67332
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Green, Frederick
Research Microbiologist

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »