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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


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Title: Timber Bamboo Pulp

Source: TAPPl JOURNAL, Volume 12, Number 2 , FEBRUARY 2013; pp. 9-15.

Author(s)Runge, Troy; Houtman, Carl; Negri, Alberto; Heinricher, Jackie

Publication Year: 2013  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4709-3B

Abstract: Fast-growing biomass, such as bamboo, has the potential to serve an important future role in the pulp and paper industry with potential to both lower resource costs and improve a product’s sustainability. Moso bamboo is particularly interesting due to its fast growth and size, which allows it to be handled and chipped similarly to wood resources. In this study, we will share results of the chip preparation, kraft cooking, and ECF bleaching of this bamboo species and compare its pulpability, bleachability, and physical properties to a fast growing hybrid poplar tree. Results indicate that the bamboo chips cooked and bleached similarly to the poplar hardwood, allowing for co-cooking. The resulting pulps had superior tensile properties at low refining, but did have higher fines that lowered drainability as measured by Canadian Standard Freeness. The bamboo fiber morphology was also measured, indicating the fiber to have length weighted average fiber lengths and coarseness values to be greater than the poplar wood studied, which should allow this material to be used in many paper grades.

Keywords: Pulping; Bamboo; Paper properties

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 330 kb(s)

Date posted: 09/06/2013

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 65065
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Houtman, Carl J.
Chemical Engineer

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