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Title: A comparative study of cellulose nanofibrils disintegrated via multiple processing approaches

Source: Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 97, 2013; pp. 226-234.

Author(s)Qing, Yan; Sabo, Ronald; Zhu, J.Y.; Agarwal, Umesh; Cai, Zhiyong; Wu, Yiqiang

Publication Year: 2013  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4706-1B   FPL-4709-2B

Abstract: Various cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) created by refining and microfluidization, in combination withenzymatic or 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO) oxidized pretreatment were compared. Themorphological properties, degree of polymerization, and crystallinity for the obtained nanofibrils, aswell as physical and mechanical properties of the corresponding films were evaluated. Compared torefining, intense microfluidization contributed greater separation of nanofibril bundles, which led to anenhancement of mechanical strength and transparency for the resultant film. The selected enzymaticpre-treatments produced shortened fibers due to preferential hydrolysis of amorphous cellulose and,in combination with mechanical treatments, resulted in short and stiff cellulose nanocrystal (CNC)-like materials. Despite films from these CNC-like fibrils having inferior tensile strength, their tensile modulus and transparency were significantly improved compared to CNFs prepared without pre-treatment.The unique fiber morphology and high crystallinity potentially offer a green and ecologically friendlyalternative for the preparation of CNCs and CNFs as part of an integrated biorefinery approach.

Keywords: Cellulose nanofibrils; Refining; Microfluidization; Enzymatic and chemical pretreatments

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 2,581 kb(s)

Date posted: 08/02/2013

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 64597
Current FPL Scientists associated with this product (listed alphabetically)
Agarwal, Umesh P.
Research Chemist
Cai, Zhiyong
Supervisory Research Materials Engineer
Sabo, Ronald C.
Research Materials Engineer
Zhu, JunYong
Research General Engineer

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- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

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Advanced Composites

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Advanced Structures

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Forest Biorefinery

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Woody Biomass Utilization

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