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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


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Title: Biomass production from the U.S. forest and agriculture sectors in support of a renewable electricity standard

Source: Volume 58, 2013; pp. 64–74.

Author(s)White, Eric M.; Latta, Greg; Alig, Ralph J.; Skog, Kenneth E.; Adams, Darius M.

Publication Year: 2013  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4851-CMB

Abstract: Production of renewable energy from biomass has been promoted as means to improve greenhouse gas balance in energy production, improve energy security, and provide jobs and income. However, uncertainties remain as to how the agriculture and forest sectors might jointly respond to increased demand for bioelectricity feedstocks and the potential environmental consequences of increased biomass production. We use an economic model to examine how the agriculture and forest sectors might combine to respond to increased demands for bioelectricity under simulated future national-level renewable electricity standards. Both sectors are projected to contribute biomass, although energy crops, like switchgrass, produced on agriculture land are projected to be the primary feedstocks. At the highest targets for bioelectricity production, we project increased conversion of forest to agriculture land in support of agriculture biomass production. Although land conversion takes place in response to renewable electricity mandates, we project only minor increases in forest and agriculture emissions. Similarly, crop prices were projected to generally be stable in the face of increased bioelectricity demand and displacement of traditional agriculture crops.

Keywords: Renewable electricity standards; Forest and agriculture; Land exchange

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 361 kb(s)

Date posted: 07/17/2013
RITS Product ID: 64477
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Skog, Kenneth E.
Supervisory Research Forester

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