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Madison, WI 53726-2398
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Requested Product

Title: High-Temperature Drying: Its Application to the Drying of Lumber

Source: Australian timber journal Volume 26, Number 9, 4 p. (Oct. 1960).

Author(s): Mathewson, James S.

Publication Year: 1960  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles

Abstract: During World War I, superheated-steam kilns were used in the Pacific Northwest and very rapid drying rates were reported. Some green 1-inch softwoods were dried to 10 percent moisture content in 24 hours, at drying temperatures as high as 230° F. in an atmosphere of steam. The relative humidity of the steam was regulated by controlling the dry-bulb temperature and maintaining a wet-bulb temperature at the boiling temperature of water (212° F.). The method is applicable to 1-inch Douglas-fir, true firs, western hemlock, ponderosa pine, southern yellow pine, basswood, and sapwood of sweetgum. So far as is known, it is not suitable for other hardwoods or for softwoods that have a tendency to collapse. While the reduction in drying time was well worthwhile, the severe drying conditions caused such rapid deterioration of materials used in kiln construction that the use of superheated-steam kilns was discontinued in the United States.

Keywords: Drying.; Lumber.; Steam.; Kilns.; Drying methods.; High temperature drying.; Kiln drying

Publication Review Process: Non-Refereed (Other)

File size: 2,841 kb(s)

Date posted: 01/25/2013
RITS Product ID: 63105

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