Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592
Email

 

You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Testing a Novel Method to Approximate Wood Specific Gravity of Trees

Source: Forest Science, 2012; pubiished online February 16, 2012.

Author(s)Wiemann, Michael C.; Williamson, G. Bruce

Publication Year: 2012  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4714-1A

Abstract: Wood specific gravity (SG) has long been used by foresters as an index for wood properties. More recently, SG has been widely used by ecologists as a plant functional trait and as a key variable in estimates of biomass. However, sampling wood to determine SG can be problematic; at present, the most common method is sampling with an increment borer to extract a bark-to-pith core-a difflcult task requiring considerable physical eflort and sometimes repeated borings to hit the pith, with potential to damagc the trunk of small trees. Here, we test a novel sampling method that reduces the effort to obtain an adequate increment core and results in less wood extracted from the tree. The Wiemann approximation predicts the point along a radius at which the wood SG equals the disk cross-sectional SG. When SG changes linearly across the radius, the point of approximation is at two-thirds of the radial distance. As a test, we compare SG at various points along the radius with the true SG of the disk. At all points except the point of approximation (i.e., at two-thirds of the radial distance), wood SG differed significantly fiom the true cross-sectional mean SG, whereas at two-thirds of the radial distance. the wood SC did not differ significantly from the tree mean SG for a group of 128 tropical trees and 25 temperate trees that had been sampled bark to pith. Overall. the method shows promise in that wood SG of a tree may be estimated accurately and without bias by boring the tree only to the point of approximation, that is, one-sixth of the trunk diameter. However, boring to one-sixth of the diameter provides an unbiased estimate of SG only if radial variation in SG is a linear function of radial distance. A limitation of the method is that an initial subsarnple of trces must be bored to determine the pattem of radial variation in a species befbre the approximation can be applied to other individuals.

Keywords: increment borers; tree cores; Wiemann approximation; wood specilic gravity

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 9,380 kb(s)

Date posted: 10/05/2012

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 62399
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Wiemann, Michael C.
Botanist
  

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »


Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »


Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


Nanotechnology

A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »


Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »