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Title: The pyrolysis characteristics of moso bamboo

Source: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 94 (2011) 48-52.

Author(s)Jiang, Zehui; Liu, Zhijia; Fei, Benhua; Cai, Zhiyong; Yu, Yan; Liu, Xing’e

Publication Year: 2012  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4706-1A

Abstract: In the research, thermogravimetry (TG), a combination of thermogravimetry and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (TG–FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to investigate pyrolysis characteristics of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens). The Flynn–Wall–Ozawa and Coats–Redfern (modified) methods were used to determine the apparent activation energy (Ea). The TG curve indicated that the pyrolysis process of moso bamboo included three steps and the main pyrolysis occurred in the second steps with temperature range from 450 K to 650 K and over 68.69% mass was degraded. TG–FTIR analysis showed that the main pyrolysis products included absorbed water (H2O), methane gas (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), acids and aldehydes, ammonia gas (NH3), etc. XRD analysis expressed that the index and width crystallinity of moso bamboo gradually increased from 273 K to 538 K and cellulose gradually degraded from amorphous region to crystalline region. The Ea values of moso bamboo increased with conversion rate increase from 10 to 70. The Ea values were, respectively 153.37–198.55 kJ/mol and 152.14–197.87 kJ/mol based on Flynn–Wall–Ozawa and Coats–Redfern (modified) methods. The information was very helpful and significant to design manufacturing process of bio-energy, made from moso bamboo, using gasification or pyrolysis methods.

Keywords: Pyrolysis; Moso bamboo, TG, TG–FTIR, XRD

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 409 kb(s)

Date posted: 09/27/2012

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 61831
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Cai, Zhiyong
Supervisory Research Materials Engineer
  

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