Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Community analysis of preservative-treated southern pine (Pinus spp.) using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis

Source: Holzforschung, Volume 66, pp. 529–535, 2012.

Author(s)Kirker, Grant T.; Prewitt, M. Lynn; Diehl, Walter J.; Diehl, Susan V.

Publication Year: 2012  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4723-3

Abstract: The effects of wood preservatives on the bacterial community in southern yellow pine were assessed by the molecular method ‘terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism’ (T-RFLP). Stakes, treated with 0.25 % and 0.37 % ammoniacal copper quat (ACQ-C), 0.1 % and 0.25 % chlorothalonil (CTN), 0.1 % and 0.25 % CTN with 2 % butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), and 2 % BHT were installed with untreated controls in two field test sites in Mississippi and sampled every 90 days. Bacterial DNA was amplified by means of general 16S rDNA primers. Community data were analyzed to determine the effects of test site, exposure (above or below ground), treatment concentrations, and exposure time on the bacterial communities inhabiting the field stakes. Wood preservatives altered the bacterial communities, which fluctuated in numbers and composition over time. Initial exposure to CTN changed the pattern of species that colonized the stakes, and the bacterial communities did not become more similar to controls after CTN depletion. Bacterial communities on untreated controls were the most similar to each other and changed the least over time. Preservative treatment led to greater population turnover and increased diversity by creating a more unstable bacterial environment, which prevented these communities from reaching equilibrium. Although preservative treatment led to changes over time, there were still many shared species within and between the untreated controls and the different preservative treatments.

Keywords: ammoniacal copper quat (ACQ-C); bacteria; community ecology; butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT); chlorothalonil (CTN); T-RFLP; wood colonization; wood; decay.

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 360 kb(s)

Date posted: 06/11/2012

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 60136
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Kirker, Grant
Research Forest Products Technologist

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »