Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592
Email

 

You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Preliminary evaluation of storax and its constituents: Fungal decay mold and termite resistance

Source: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 70 (2012) 47-54; 2012

Author(s)Kartal, S. Nami; Terzi, Evren; Yoshimura, Tsuyoshi; Arango, Rachel; Clausen, Carol A.; Green III, Frederick

Publication Year: 2012  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4723-4

Abstract: Essential oils and their derivatives might be one of the promising preserving agents to prevent funga ldecay and termite/insect attack in wood since such compounds have a long history of safe usage as antimicrobial agents in various industries. Considerable research has focused on utilizing bioactive essential oils and wood extractives based on green technologies to develop environmentally friendly wood preservatives. This study evaluated biological activities of storax from Liquidambar orientalis tree, some storax constituents and commercial styrax against wood-decaying fungi, mold fungi, and termites in laboratory conditions. Scots pine sapwood specimens were treated with various concentrations of styrax, storax and storax constituents i.e. cinnamyl acetate, cinnamyl alcohol and ethyl cinnamate. Treated specimens were subjected to leaching followed by soil block decay tests using two brown rot and two white rot fungi. Specimens were also subjected to two different laboratory termite resistance tests based on the standards methods by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS). Inhibitory effects of the compounds were evaluated in vitro against Basidiomycetes,mold, and staining fungi. Treated wood specimenswere also tested for mold growth. The storax constituents, storax and styrax did not inhibit fungal decay by the brown rot fungi. The constituents and storax-treated specimens resulted in mostly “moderate resistance” to fungal decay by the white rot fungi based on the ASTM D2017 classification. Styrax only was effective against the Basidiomycetes fungi in vitro tests: however, the mold and staining fungi tested were not completely inhibited. Natural storax at the concentration level of 0.5% inhibited all fungi except Trametes versicolor and Ceratocystis pilifera. Cinnamyl alcohol inhibited fungal growth with the exception of Aspergillus niger. In mold tests, complete inhibition was not observed for any of the test fungi: however, cinnamyl alcohol reduced mold growth considerably on treated wood specimens. Cinnamyl alcohol was also effective against termites in unleached specimens: however, styrax and natural storax at the concentration level of 10%reduced wood consumption in treated specimens.

Keywords: storax, styrax, cinnamyl alcohol, fungal decay, termites, mold, liquidambar orientalis

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 699 kb(s)

Date posted: 05/04/2012

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 41992
Current FPL Scientists associated with this product (listed alphabetically)
Clausen, Carol A.
Supervisory Research Microbiologist
Green, Frederick
Research Microbiologist
 

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »


Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »


Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


Nanotechnology

A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »


Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »