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Title: Leach and mold resistance of essential oil metabolites

Source: Proceedings, one hundred seventh annual meeting of the American Wood Protection Association ... Fort Lauderdale, Florida, May 15-17, 2011: Volume 107. Birmingham, Ala. : American Wood Protection Association, c2011: p. 121-127.

Author(s)Clausen, Carol A.; Yang, Vina W.

Publication Year: 2011  View PDF »

Category: Conference Proceedings
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4723-4

Abstract: Purified primary metabolites from essential oils were previously shown to be bioactive inhibitors of mold fungi on unleached Southern pine sapwood, either alone or in synergy with a second metabolite. This study evaluated the leachability of these compounds in Southern pine that was either dip- or vacuum-treated. Following laboratory leach tests, specimens were evaluated for inhibition of mold growth for 12 weeks and analyzed quantitatively by GC-MS for residual metabolite(s). With the exception of geraniol, vacuum treating the specimens generally provided longer protection than dip-treating. Citronellol and carvone protected vacuum-treated specimens from mold growth for the 4-week duration of the ASTM D4445-10 test, but efficacy diminished after extending incubation beyond 4 weeks. Thymol completely inhibited mold growth for 12 weeks in both dip-treated and vacuum impregnated specimens even though GC-MS analysis showed that 49% thymol leached from the vacuum-treated specimens.

Keywords: Biodegradation, fungicides, essences, essential oils, plant extracts, antifungal agents, wood-decaying fungi, molds, metabolites, thymol, cymene, Trichoderma viride, Penicellium chrysogenum, Aspergillus niger, sapwood, leaching, citronellol, carvone, geraniol, decay fungi, resistance to decay, Southern pine, Trichoderma mold, biocides, vacuum treatment, treated wood, dip treatment

Publication Review Process: Informally Refereed (Peer-Reviewed)

File size: 162 kb(s)

Date posted: 03/13/2012

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 41634
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Clausen, Carol A.
Supervisory Research Microbiologist
  

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