Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592
Email

 

You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: The Plant Cell Wall-Decomposing Machinery Underlies the Functional Diversity of Forest Fungi

Source: Science. 333: 762-765; 2011

Author(s)Eastwood, Daniel C.; Floudas, Dimitrios; Binder, Manfred; Majcherczyk, Andrezej; Schneider, Patrick; Aerts, Andrea; Asiegbu, Fred O.; Baker, Scott E.; Barry, Derrie; Bendiksby, Mika; Blumentritt, Melanie; Countinho, Pedro M.; Cullen, Dan; de Vries, Ronald

Publication Year: 2011  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4712-4A

Abstract: Brown rot decay removes cellulose and hemicelluloses from wood, residual lignin contributing up to 30% of forest soil carbon, and is derived from an ancestral white rot saprotrophy where both lignin and cellulose are decomposed. Comparative and functional genomics of the “dry rot” fungus Serpula lacrymans, derived from forest ancestors, demonstrated that the evolution of both ectomycorrhizal biotrophy and brown rot saprotrophy were accompanied by reductions and losses in specific protein families, suggesting adaptation to an intercellular interaction with plant tissue. Transcriptome and proteome analysis also identified differences in wood ecomposition in S. lacrymans relative to the brown rot Postia placenta. Furthermore, fungal nutritional mode diversification suggests that the boreal forest biome originated via genetic coevolution of above and belowground biota.

Keywords: Wood-decaying fungi, brown rot, lignocellulose, biodegradation, fungi, genetics, molecular genetics, wood biodegradation, cellulose, biodegradation, lignin, chemical reactions, microbial metabolism, wood deterioration, plant cell walls, wood chemistry, hemicellulose, genomes, genomics, Serpula lacrymans, ectomycorrhizas, mycorrhizal fungi, mycorrhizas, proteins, genetic transcription, symbiosis, decay fungi, wood decay, white rot, species differences, decomposition of wood, genetic analysis, saprotrophy, transcriptome

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 226 kb(s)

Date posted: 11/16/2011

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 40273
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Cullen, Daniel
Research Microbiologist
  

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »


Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »


Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


Nanotechnology

A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »


Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »