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Title: Development of the metrology and imaging of celllulose nanocrystals

Source: Meas. Sci. Technol. 22 (2011) 024005 (10pp)

Author(s)Postek, Michael T.; Bladar, Andras; Dagata, John; Farkas, Natalia; Ming, Bin; Wagner, Ryan; Raman Arvind; Moon, Robert J.; Sabo, Ronald; Wegner, Theodore H.; Beecher, James

Publication Year: 2011  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4706-1A  FPL-4707-3A

Abstract: The development of metrology for nanoparticles is a significant challenge. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) are one group of nanoparticles that have high potential economic value but present substantial challenges to the development of the measurement science. Even the largest trees owe their strength to this newly appreciated class of nanomaterials. Cellulose is the world's most abundant natural, renewable, biodegradable polymer. Cellulose occurs as whisker-like microfibrils that are biosynthesized and deposited in plant material in a continuous fashion. The nanocrystals are isolated by hydrolyzing away the amorphous segments leaving the acid resistant crystalline fragments. Therefore, the basic raw material for new nanomaterial products already abounds in nature and is available to be utilized in an array of future materials. However, commercialization requires the development of efficient manufacturing processes and nanometrology to monitor quality. This paper discusses some of the instrumentation, metrology and standards issues associated with the ramping up for production and use of CNCs.

Keywords: Cellulose, nanocrystals, measurement, crystallization, nanotechnology, nanostructured materials, biopolymers, biosynthesis, cellulose, chemistry, nanoparticles, cellulose fibers, nanofibers, elasticity, scanning probe microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, measuring instruments, metrology, crystalline cellulose, nanocomposites, crystallinity, helium ion microscopy, cellulose fibers properties, nanometrology, cellulose nanocrystals, CNC, metrology, standards

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 946 kb(s)

Date posted: 03/21/2011

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 39130
Current FPL Scientists associated with this product (listed alphabetically)
Moon, Robert J.
Materials Research Engineer
Sabo, Ronald C.
Research Materials Engineer
Wegner, Theodore H.
Assistant Director

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- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

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- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

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Advanced Structures

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Forest Biorefinery

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Nanotechnology

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Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »