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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
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Title: Wood Handbook, Chapter 02: Characteristics and Availability of Commercially Important Woods

Source: General Technical Report FPL-GTR-190. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory: 2-1 - 2-45. Chapter 2.

Author(s)Wiemann, Michael C.

Publication Year: 2010  View PDF »

Related Publications: view

Category: General Technical Reports
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4714-MA

Abstract: Throughout history, the unique characteristics and abundance of wood have made it a natural material for homes and other structures, furniture, tools, vehicles, and decorative objects. Today, for the same reasons, wood is prized for a multitude of uses.
All wood is composed of cellulose, lignin, hemicelluloses, and minor amounts (usually less than 10%) of extraneous materials contained in a cellular structure. Variations in the characteristics and proportions of these components and differences in cellular structure make woods heavy or light, stiff or flexible, and hard or soft. The properties of a single species are relatively constant within limits; therefore, selection of wood by species alone may sometimes be adequate. However, to use wood to its best advantage and most effectively in engineering applications, specific characteristics or physical properties must be considered.

Keywords: Wood utilization, woodwork, wood products, hardwoods, softwoods, anatomy, mechanical properties, wood anatomy, identification, commercial products, forest products, utilization, geographical distribution, wood properties, forest trees, timber properties, physical properties, forest resources

Publication Review Process: Informally Refereed (Peer-Reviewed)

Date posted: 06/21/2010

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 36193
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Wiemann, Michael C.
Botanist
  

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