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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
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Title: Effect of Fire Retardants on Heat Release Rate of Wood Flour-Polyethylene Composites

Source: Tenth International Conference on Wood & Biofiber Plastic Composites and Cellulose Nanocomposites Sysmposium, May 11-13, Madison, WI. Madison, WI : Forest Products Society, c2010. ISBN 978-1-892529-55-8. pp. 103-109; 2010

Author(s)Stark, Nicole M.; Mueller, Scott A.; White, Robert H.; Osswald, Tim A.

Publication Year: 2010  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4706-2A  FPL-4723-2

Abstract: Wood-plastic composites (WPCs) represent a growing class of materials used by the residential construction industry and the furniture industry. For some applications in these industries, the fire performance of the material must be known, and in some cases improved. There is considerable information available on the fire performance for wood and plastics separately. However, the fire performance of wood-plastic composites is not well understood, and there is little information available in the literature. Determining the heat release rate (HRR) is one way to characterize the fire performance of wood-plastic composites. In this study, we determined the HRR for wood flour-polyethylene composites, and compared the results with unfilled polyethylene and solid wood. We then evaluated the effect of several additivetype fire retardants on the HRR.

Keywords: Wood-plastic composites, polyethylene, wood flour, extrusion process, injection molding of plastics, thermoplastic composites, composite materials, fire testing, fireproofing agents, calorimetry, flame spread, fire risk assessment, heat of combustion, deterioration, wood-plastic materials, fire hazard, fire retardants, heat release rate, ignition, cone calorimetry, flammability

Publication Review Process: Non-Refereed (Other)

File size: 576 kb(s)

Date posted: 05/17/2010
RITS Product ID: 35637

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- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

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- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »