Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592
Email

 

You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Tools for the Characterization of Biomass at the Nanometer Scale

Source: Beecher, J.F., Hunt, C.G., and Zhu, J.Y. (2009), Tools for the Characterization of Biomass at the Nanometer Scale, In: Lucia, L.A. and Rojas, O.J. (Eds), The Nanoscience and Technology of Renewable Biomaterials, Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 61-90

Author(s)Beecher, James F.; Hunt, Christopher G.; Zhu, J.Y.

Publication Year: 2009  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4707-3A  FPL-4709-2A

Abstract: To take advantage of nanoscale features in plant cell walls and create our own nanostructures based on plant biomass, we must make reliable measurements at the nanoscale. Although nanoscale measurement methods have expanded in recent years, not all these techniques are useful for soft, hydrophilic, nonconducting biomass specimens. Here we discuss those methods with the potential to be particularly useful in studying nanoscale properties of plant biomass. In contrast to most engineering materials, plant biomass structure changes with water availability. Water swells biomass, creating pores that transport enzymes and reagents into and out of the cell wall during processing. Therefore we begin with a description of basic interactions of water and biomass. Nanoscale accessibility and reactivity of the cell wall are often critical to bioprocessing, so we discuss several methods of evaluating these properties. This chapter also describes methods to measure cellulose crystallinity, because crystallinity affects properties and crystallites are an interesting material in themselves. Finally the chapter reviews microscopic and spectroscopic methods useful for the study of biomass at the nanoscale.

Keywords: Nanotechnology, microstructure, nanostructured materials, measurement, plant cell walls, testing, technological innovations, biomass, utilization, plant biomass, moisture, biotechnology, cellulose, microscopy, spectroscopy, analytical chemistry, technique, physical measurements

File size: 2,930 kb(s)

Date posted: 10/06/2009

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 31211
Current FPL Scientists associated with this product (listed alphabetically)
Hunt, Christopher G.
Research Chemist
Zhu, JunYong
Research General Engineer
 

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »


Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »


Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


Nanotechnology

A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »


Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »