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Madison, WI 53726-2398
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Title: Tools for the Characterization of Biomass at the Nanometer Scale

Source: Beecher, J.F., Hunt, C.G., and Zhu, J.Y. (2009), Tools for the Characterization of Biomass at the Nanometer Scale, In: Lucia, L.A. and Rojas, O.J. (Eds), The Nanoscience and Technology of Renewable Biomaterials, Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 61-90

Author(s)Beecher, James F.; Hunt, Christopher G.; Zhu, J.Y.

Publication Year: 2009  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4707-3A  FPL-4709-2A

Abstract: To take advantage of nanoscale features in plant cell walls and create our own nanostructures based on plant biomass, we must make reliable measurements at the nanoscale. Although nanoscale measurement methods have expanded in recent years, not all these techniques are useful for soft, hydrophilic, nonconducting biomass specimens. Here we discuss those methods with the potential to be particularly useful in studying nanoscale properties of plant biomass. In contrast to most engineering materials, plant biomass structure changes with water availability. Water swells biomass, creating pores that transport enzymes and reagents into and out of the cell wall during processing. Therefore we begin with a description of basic interactions of water and biomass. Nanoscale accessibility and reactivity of the cell wall are often critical to bioprocessing, so we discuss several methods of evaluating these properties. This chapter also describes methods to measure cellulose crystallinity, because crystallinity affects properties and crystallites are an interesting material in themselves. Finally the chapter reviews microscopic and spectroscopic methods useful for the study of biomass at the nanoscale.

Keywords: Nanotechnology, microstructure, nanostructured materials, measurement, plant cell walls, testing, technological innovations, biomass, utilization, plant biomass, moisture, biotechnology, cellulose, microscopy, spectroscopy, analytical chemistry, technique, physical measurements

File size: 2,930 kb(s)

Date posted: 10/06/2009

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 31211
Current FPL Scientists associated with this product (listed alphabetically)
Hunt, Christopher G.
Research Chemist
Zhu, JunYong
Research General Engineer

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