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Title: Enhanced understanding of the relationship between chemical modification and mechanical properties of wood

Source: In: 9th PACIFIC RIM BIO-BASED COMPOSITES SYMPOSIUM,'Innovation and Challenges in Bio-based Composites - How Far to the New Frontier?', 5th - 8th November 2008, Rotorua, New Zealand; CHEMICAL MODIFICATION section, PP. 141-147; 2008

Author(s)Frihart, Charles R.; Yelle, Daniel J.; Ralph, John; Moon, Robert J.; Stone, Donald S.; Jakes, Joseph E.

Publication Year: 2008  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles
Associated Research Project(s):   FPL-4707-2A

Abstract: Chemical additions to wood often change its bulk properties, which can be determined using conventional macroscopic mechanical tests. However, the controlling interactions between chemicals and wood take place at and below the scale of individual cells and cell walls. To better understand the effects of chemical additions to wood, we have adapted and extended two experimental methods for wood science research. The first method entails two-dimensional solution-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of wood cell wall polymers after ball milling but without the usual chemical fractionation methods. This allows for detailed characterization of cell wall polymers and their reactions with chemicals that infiltrate the cell wall. The second method improves currently established nanoindentation analysis so the mechanical properties of wood cell walls can be determined free of artefacts arising from nearby structural heterogeneities including the lumen and various cell wall layers.

Keywords: Wood chemistry, chemical reactions, nanostructured materials, measurement, composite materials, mechanical properties, nanotechnology, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, plant cell walls, wood-plastic composites, chemical modification of wood, modified wood, nanoindentation, wood-plastic materials, wood modification, adhesives

File size: 251 kb(s)

Date posted: 04/27/2009

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 29616
Current FPL Scientists associated with this product (listed alphabetically)
Frihart, Charles R.
Research Chemist
Jakes, Joseph
Research Materials Engineer
Moon, Robert J.
Materials Research Engineer
Yelle, Daniel
Research Forest Products Technologist
  

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