Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Jute and kenaf

Source: Handbook of fiber chemistry. Boca Raton : CRC/Taylor & Francis, c2007. International fiber science and technology series ; 16: Pages 409-456

Author(s): Rowell, Roger M.; Stout, Harry P.

Publication Year: 2007  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles

Abstract: Jute is the common name given to the fiber extracted from the stems of plants belonging to the genus Corchorus, family Tiliaceae. whereas kenaf is the name given to a similar fiber obtained from the stems of plants belonging to the genus Hibiscus, family Malvaceae, especially the species H. cannabinus L. Only two species of Corchorus, namely C. capsular L. and C. olitorius L., are grown commercially, although around 40 wild species are known, whereas other species of Hibiscus, particularly H. sabdariffa L. are sometimes also marketed as kenaf. These plants are examples of a number of woody- stemmed berbaceous dicotyledons grown in the tropics and subtropics. Fibers can be extracted from the bast of stems of these plants. Most of the plants cultivated for fiber are grown from seeds annually, as are jute and kenaf, but a few are grown as perennials. Jute is the most important fiber of this type, and it is probable that, in the industrial and engineering uses of textiles. jute is used more than any other single fiber. Kenaf finds use in the domestic market in many countries, but its demand in the international market is much less than that of jute, and estimates of world kenaf production are liable to be erroneous. In many marketing statistics. the production or utilization of 'jute and allied fibers' is given to include all the fibers in this group. 'Allied fibers' are suitable for processing on jute spinning systems.

Keywords: Plant fibers; anatomy; modulus of elasticity; color fading; weathering; composite materials; moisture; elasticity; flexure; kenaf; jute fiber; fibers; utilization; mechanical properties; deterioration; swelling; modulus of rupture; strength; durability; deterioration

File size: 620 kb(s)

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 4192

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »