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Title: Recycled newspaper fibers as reinforcing fillers in thermoplastics. Part I, Analysis of tensile and impact properties in polypropylene

Source: Journal of reinforced plastics and composites. Vol. 13 (Jan. 1994): pages 54-67.

Author(s)Sanadi, A. R.; Young, R. A.; Clemons, C.; Rowell, R. M.

Publication Year: 1994  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles

Abstract: Recycled newspaper fibers (ONP) are potentially outstanding nonabrasive reinforcing fibers with high specific properties. In this study, a high energy thermokinetic mixer was used to mix these fibers in a polypropylene (PP) matrix, and the blends were then injection molded in order to observe the tensile and impact strengths of the composites. A 40% (weight) of ONP in PP resulted in a tensile strength of 34.1 MPa and an unnotched Izod impact strength of 112 J/m. Small quantities of maleic anhydride-grafted polypropylene (MAPP) and acrylic acid-grafted polypropylene (AAPP) were used to improve the interaction between the hydrophobic PP and the highly polar fibers. The improvement in properties by using MAPP depended on the amount of maleic anhydride in the graft copolymer and the molecular weight of the copolymer. Tensile strengths as high as 57 MPa and an unnotched Izod impact strength of 212 J/m were achieved with the addition of one of the MAPP, while smaller improvements were found with AAPP. Reinforcing efficiencies and scanning electron microscopy have been utilized to aid in the analysis.

Keywords: Fibers, fillers, mechanical properties, polypropylenes, recycling, thermoplastics, waste paper

File size: 252 kb(s)

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RITS Product ID: 22832
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Clemons, Craig M.
Materials Research Engineer
  

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