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Title: Oxidation states of copper in preservative treated wood as studied by X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES)

Source: PLOS ONE journal

Author(s)Zelinka, Samuel L.; Kirker, Grant T.; Sterbinsky, George E.; Bourne, Keith J.

Publication Year: 2022  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles

Abstract: Copper is a common component in wood preservatives and is used to protect the wood against fungal degradation. Previous research has shown that the Cu++ oxidation state provides the best wood protection, and Cu++ is widely believed to be the oxidation state of most copper within treated wood. A recent study using X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) reported high amounts of Cu+ in wood that had been in contact with corroded fasteners. This study uses XANES to examine the copper oxidation states in wood treated with several different wood preservatives as a function of time after treatment. In contrast with previous literature which focused on the fixation reaction in the first few hours after treatment, this paper examines the oxidation state of Cu in treated wood at longer times (up to 1-year) after treatment. The results showed in nearly all cases, Cu was in the Cu++ oxidation state to within the measurement uncertainty. Cu XANES patterns taken approximately 1-year after treatment showed no discernable differences between preservative systems, indicating that regardless of the starting treatment the final Cu speciation is the same within one year. The results confirm previously held beliefs about the Cu oxidation states in wood and give further insights into the corrosion mechanism of metals embedded in treated wood.

Keywords: treated wood; cupric ions; X-ray; biodeterioration; corrosion

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 2,048 kb(s)

Date posted: 02/14/2022

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 10425
Current FPL Scientists associated with this product (listed alphabetically)
Kirker, Grant
Research Forest Products Technologist
Zelinka, Samuel L.
Materials Research Engineer

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