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Title: A Nondestructive Longitudinal Laboratory Test Method for Detection of Incipient Ultrastructural Changes in Wood

Source: Journal of Testing and Evaluation

Author(s)Lepage, Robert ; Glass, Samuel V; de la Bastide, Paul Y.; Mukhopadhyaya, Phalguni

Publication Year: 2021  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles

Abstract: The established methods for determining the effects of ultrastructural changes in structural wood members rely upon traditional, possibly outmoded, testing paradigms. These methods usually involve destructive testing of wood specimens that are exposed to environmental conditions infrequently experienced in buildings. Understanding how the ultrastructure changes with time within the same specimen is crucial for building practitioners in assessing risks to lifesafety, assessing remaining service life of structural components, and aiding in the identification of mitigation or remediation measures. The primary agents causing ultrastructural modifications to wood are wood rotting basidiomycetes but may also include other biotic and abiotic agents; the methods contained herein should be applicable to all such longitudinal experiments. This article reviews existing literature on decay testing and validates a new method to assess longitudinal changes in mechanical properties with time using nondestructive test measures at relevant moisture contents. The validation testing shows this method has a good degree of repeatability and should permit the initial detection and monitoring of ultrastructure changes (e.g., decay). The method uses a repeatable, nondestructive four-point testing procedure for specimens controlled to specific moisture contents using energy dissipation as the salient performance metric. Recommendations are provided to refine this novel test method.

Keywords: biodeterioration; decay; wood; fungi; structural testing

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 1,024 kb(s)

Date posted: 11/02/2021

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 10388
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Glass, Samuel V.
Research Physical Scientist

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