Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592
Email

 

You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Oxidation states of iron and manganese in lignocellulose altered by the brown rot fungus Gloeophyllum trabeum measured in-situ using X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES)

Source: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

Author(s)Zelinka, Samuel L.; Jakes, Joseph E.; Kirker, Grant T.; Bishell, Amy B.; Boardman, Charles R.; Lai, Barry ; Sterbinsky, George E.; Jellison, Jody ; Goodell, Barry

Publication Year: 2021  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles

Abstract: Brown rot fungi utilize iron as part of a chelator-mediated Fenton (CMF) reaction during wood biodegradation. Research suggests these fungi reduce Fe3+ to promote oxygen radical generation resulting in depolymerization of the wood cell wall. High levels of Mn are also found in wood decayed by brown rot fungi. However, little is known about the oxidation states of Fe and Mn during the decay process. X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) can be used to examine metal oxidation states and coordination chemistry. XANES experiments were conducted on wood decayed by Gloeophyllum trabeum over 28 weeks with results showing that Mn2+ and Fe3+ predominated for metal oxidation states. However, Fe2+ was present at sites of greater fungal growth In certain cases, the ?XANES measurements showed that the fraction of Fe2+ in the wood samples was as high as 50%. Localized areas of reduced iron corresponded with areas of greater fungal hyphal mass which is in agreement with how brown rot fungi decay wood via the CMF reaction. The limited change in oxidation state of Mn observed in wood with active fungal activity suggests that the role of manganese in CMF biodegradation chemistry should be further explored.

Keywords: Brown-rot decay; XANES; x-ray fluorescence microscopy; iron; manganese; chelator-mediated fenton

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 3,072 kb(s)

Date posted: 03/19/2021

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 10131
Current FPL Scientists associated with this product (listed alphabetically)
Jakes, Joseph
Research Materials Engineer
Kirker, Grant
Research Forest Products Technologist
Zelinka, Samuel L.
Materials Research Engineer

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »


Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »


Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


Nanotechnology

A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »


Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »