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Title: Direct fluorescence imaging of lignocellulosic and suberized cell walls in roots and stems

Source: AoB PLANTS. 12(4). 19 p.

Author(s)Kitin, Peter ; Nakaba, Satoshi ; Hunt, Christopher ; Lim, Sierin ; Funada, Ryo

Publication Year: 2020  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles

Abstract: Investigating plant structure is fundamental in botanical science and provides crucial knowledge for the theories of plant evolution, ecophysiology and for the biotechnological practices. Modern plant anatomy often targets the formation, localization and characterization of cellulosic, lignifed or suberized cell walls. While classical methods developed in the 1960s are still popular, recent innovations in tissue preparation, fuorescence staining and microscopy equipment offer advantages to the traditional practices for investigation of the complex lignocellulosic walls. Our goal is to enhance the productivity and quality of microscopy work by focusing on quick and cost-effective preparation of thick sections or plant specimen surfaces and effcient use of direct fuorescent stains. We discuss popular histochemical microscopy techniques for visualization of cell walls, such as autofuorescence or staining with calcofuor, Congo red (CR), fuorol yellow (FY) and safranin, and provide detailed descriptions of our own approaches and protocols. Autofuorescence of lignin in combination with CR and FY staining can clearly differentiate between lignifed, suberized and unlignifed cell walls in root and stem tissues. Glycerol can serve as an effective clearing medium as well as the carrier of FY for staining of suberin and lipids allowing for observation of thick histological preparations. Three-dimensional (3D) imaging of all cell types together with chemical information by wide-feld fuorescence or confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was achieved.

Keywords: 3D imaging; autofuorescence; cellulosic wall; Congo red; fuorol yellow; glycerol clearing; histochemistry; lignin; lipids; suberin

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 2,048 kb(s)

Date posted: 01/25/2021

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 10096
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Hunt, Christopher G.
Research Chemist

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