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Title: Growth, total lipid, and omega-3 fatty acid production by Nannochloropsis spp

Source: Algal Research. 51: 102041. 13 p.

Author(s)Schambach, Jenna Y.; Finck, Anna M.; Kitin, Peter ; Hunt, Christopher G.; Hanschen, Erik R.; Vogler, Brian ; Starkenburg, Shawn R.; Barry, Amanda N.

Publication Year: 2020  View PDF »

Category: Journal Articles

Abstract: Improving productivity and lipid concentration in microalgae is important for the economic success of both biofuel and microalgae coproducts production. Nannochloropsis spp. are marine microalgae currently being grown at large-scale for the production of biofuel and lipid coproducts. Here we demonstrate improvements of growth and omega-3 production in Nannochloropsis gaditana CCMP526 and Nannochloropsis oceanica CCAP849/10 with plant substrate addition, a potentially economical option for increasing microalgal productivity. We examine growth in the presence of corn stover, switchgrass, sugarcane bagasse, and yard waste. By examining the microbial ecology of N. gaditana cultures with and without plant substrate and with and without antibiotics, we discovered a potential bacterial interaction in these cultures, but its presence is not necessary for algal growth improvements in the presence of plant substrate. Analysis of plant substrate morphology by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) after cultivation in media with and without N. gaditana shows a degradation of specific plant structural features and a colonization of the plant phloem by N. gaditana. An examination of N. gaditana in a Congo red plate assay indicates potential cellulolytic activity, but a preliminary examination of the potential cellulase transcripts does not reveal differential expression of a candidate in the presence of plant. This evidence demonstrates potential raw plant utilization by a marine microalga for increased productivity and provides a potentially economical option for increasing coproduct concentration at industrial scale without genetic engineering.

Keywords: algae; bio-oil; nannochloropsis; elcosapentaenoic acid (EPA)

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 3,072 kb(s)

Date posted: 01/08/2021

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 10087
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Hunt, Christopher G.
Research Chemist
  

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